Saturday, 14 March 2015

South Africans perform first 'successful' penis transplant



Surgical team
The world's first successful penis transplant has been reported by a surgical team in South Africa.
The 21-year-old recipient, whose identify is being protected, lost his penis in a botched circumcision.
Doctors in Cape Town said the operation was a success and the patient was happy and healthy.
The team said there was extensive discussion about whether the operation, which is not life-saving in the same way as a heart transplant, was ethical.
There have been attempts before, including one in China. Accounts suggested the operation went fine, but the penis was later rejected.
Penis replacement
The man was 18 and already sexually active when he had the circumcision.
The procedure is part of the transition from boyhood to adulthood in parts of South Africa.
Man from Xhosa tribe These boys are undergoing a circumcision ceremony in South Africa
The boy was left with just 1cm of his original penis.
Doctors say South Africa has some of the greatest need for penis transplants anywhere in the world.
Dozens, although some say hundreds, of boys are maimed or die each year during traditional initiation ceremonies.
Long
Surgeons at Stellenbosch University and Tygerberg Hospital performed a nine-hour operation to attach a donated penis.
One of the surgeons, Andre Van der Merwe, who normally performs kidney transplants, told the BBC News website: "This is definitely much more difficult, the blood vessels are 1.5 mm wide. In the kidney it can be 1 cm."
The team used some of the techniques that had been developed to perform the first face transplants in order to connect the tiny blood vessels and nerves.
The operation took place on 11 December last year. Three months later doctors say the recovery has been rapid.
Full sensation has not returned and doctors suggest this could take two years.
However, the man is able to pass urine, have an erection, orgasm and ejaculate.
Preparation
The procedure required a lot of preparation.
The team needed to be sure the patient was aware of the risks of a life-time of immunosuppressant drugs.
Also some patients cannot cope with a transplant if they fail to recognise it as part of their body.
"Psychologically, we knew it would have a massive effect on the ego," said Dr Van der Merwe.
It took "a hell of a lot of time" to get ethical approval, he added.
One of the concerns is a heart transplant balances the risk of the operation against a certain death, but a penis transplant would not extend life span.
Dr Van der Merwe told the BBC: "You may say it doesn't save their life, but many of these young men when they have penile amputations are ostracised, stigmatised and take their own life.
"If you don't have a penis you are essentially dead, if you give a penis back you can bring them back to life."
Further attem

Jeremy Clarkson approached BBC bosses about 'fracas'


Jeremy ClarksonClarkson was suspended after a "fracas" with a BBC producer

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Top Gear host Jeremy Clarkson initiated the BBC investigation which prompted his suspension, after he informed BBC bosses of the alleged "fracas".
BBC News understands that the star phoned BBC head of television, Danny Cohen, to report the incident.
Producer Oisin Tymon, with whom the altercation took place, is not believed to have filed his own complaint.
Interviews are expected to be held with the star and other parties next week, and the show has been taken off-air.
Clarkson has expressed regret over the incident, which his co-presenter James May labelled "a bit of a dust-up".
An online petition calling for the star's reinstatement - set up by political blogger Guido Fawkes - has accrued more than 800,000 signatures since Tuesday.
Speaking to reporters on Friday, Clarkson said he is "very grateful to everybody" who has signed the petition.
Top Gear is one of the BBC's most popular and profitable TV shows, with an estimated global audience of 350 million.
Its success is largely attributed to the contentious host, who has appeared on the show since 1988.
Top Gear is presented by James May, Richard Hammond and Jeremy ClarksonTop Gear is presented by James May, Richard Hammond and Jeremy Clarkson
Politicians on all sides have weighed into the affair, with Prime Minister David Cameron - a friend of Clarkson - saying he hoped the incident could be "sorted out".
"It's a great programme and he's a great talent," he said.
A lawyer for Mr Tymon said his client "intends to await the outcome of the BBC investigation and will make no comment until that investigation is complete".
Pre-emptive
Clarkson's approach to BBC bosses suggests he was trying to pre-empt any official complaint. The incident, at a Yorkshire hotel, is reported to have been witnessed by members of the public, as well as some of the production team.
The presenter, 54, was given what he called his "final warning" last May after claims he used a racist word during filming.
He later apologised for the incident which, although never broadcast, had been leaked to a tabloid newspaper.
Last year, Top Gear was also censured by Ofcom for breaching broadcasting rules after Clarkson used a derogatory word for Asian people during its Burma special programme.
A further incident during shooting in Argentina saw the show's executive producer, Andy Wilman, brand 2014 an "annus horribilis" for his team.
Clarkson, and co-presenters May and Richard Hammond, are due to renegotiate their contracts next month.

Monday, 23 February 2015

‘Terrorists’ tried to enter Kenya twice


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Interior Cabinet Secretary Major General (Rtd) Joseph Nkaissery. FILE PHOTO | DIANA NGILA | NATION MEDIA GROUP 
By ANGIRA ZADOCK
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Seven suspected terrorists have, on two occasions, attempted to enter the country, pretending they have been invited for socio-religious activities in Eastleigh, Nairobi.
The Indonesians claimed they were invited by a group, Markaz-ur-Rashaad Trust, and that they would be in Kenya for four months.
However, the Indonesian embassy in Kenya raised the red flag and advised authorities to urgently investigate the activities of the group that was to host them.
“The group could not clearly explain what the socio-religious activities will entail,” the mission warned in a letter to the Foreign Affairs Cabinet secretary, and copied to the ministry’s political and diplomatic secretary.
It was not immediately established when the seven first attempted to enter Kenya, but the last attempt was on January 15 when they applied for visas be allowed into the country on January 25.
The embassy warned Kenya that the seven were from “a country with a large number of radicalised fighters in Syria and Iraq”.
The embassy also said it did not understand why the Indonesians, who live in Malaysia, decided to make their visa applications directly to Nairobi instead of going through the Kenyan embassy in Kuala Lumpur.
A senior ministry official who sought anonymity confirmed that the information was received and that the applicants did not enter the country.
But he could not confirm if they were terrorists or not. “The report on the activities of the group that invited them is complete but we cannot divulge the details,” he said.
The letter indicated the applicants were Mr Sultan Basri, passport number A7759789, Mr Said Abdur Rahman (A5399295), Mr Hanafi Baso (A9302859), and Mr Siafruddin Majadi Sila (W394594). The others were Mr Abdipurjaya Abdul Azis (A8301473), Mr Tarrang Ballung Mattingara (A6326984) and Mr Amir Karim (A6538527).
“We are still holding their applications. In the meantime, we request the ministry to liaise with the National Intelligence Service to investigate Markaz-ur-Rashaad Trust and establish purpose of the planned visit,” the letter further read.
Kenya has experienced several security challenges that have prompted authorities to enhance covert operations across the county. At least 10 terrorist attacks are said to have been foiled in the past two months.
On Friday, Interior Cabinet Secretary Joseph Nkaissery, who spoke during the Ministerial Session of the White House on Countering Violent Extremism, in the USA, said Kenya was experiencing a growing threat of terrorism and violent extremism due to the 700 kilometre border it shares with Somalia, among other factors.
Maj Gen (Rtd) Nkaissery noted that terrorists were using locals to plan and execute attacks.
“In line with this, Al-Shabaab is luring local youths and using their bases in Somalia to recruit, radicalise, train and plan terrorist attacks against Kenya and the region,” he told the global summit.
The meeting came barely a month after the country hosted a meeting to evaluate Kenya’s efforts in implementing the UN Security Council Resolution 1624 on prohibition of incitement to commit terrorist acts and UN Security Council Resolution 2178, which requires states to take concrete steps to address the threat of foreign terrorist fighters.
Mr Nkaissery lamented that the big indigenous Somali population in Kenya had complicated the fight against infiltration by the extremists.
The country has more than 600,000 refugees, a majority of them in refugee camps. Reports show that the refugee camps, education institutions, mosques, prisons and welfare as well assistance centres are now vulnerable to radicalisation.
“We have also seen use of protected spaces to foment violent extremism. Refugee camps are particularly vulnerable to radicalisation,” he added.
Other factors have been identified as the expanded democratic space, growing use of electronic media to recruit and train candidates for extremism, and desire for better lives by the youth.

Greece bailout: Government 'delays reform plan deadline'


Street vendors in Athens, 23 FebruaryGreeks have seen their living standards drop sharply during the debt crisis
Greece will send a list of reforms aimed at securing a bailout extension to EU partners on Tuesday morning, missing a Monday deadline, officials say.
The list must be approved by international creditors to secure a four-month loan extension.
Analysts say the deal's collapse would revive fears Greece will exit the euro.
Minister of state Nikos Pappas says the list will include measures to fight tax evasion and trim the civil service.
Germany's Bild daily newspaper, citing an unnamed source, reports that Greece aims to recover 7.3bn euros (£5.4bn; $8.3bn) with measures to combat tax evasion.
Graphic showing how much Greece owes to whom
A spokesman for the German finance ministry, Martin Jaeger, was quoted as saying by Reuters news agency that Berlin expected the Greek plan to be "coherent and plausible".
Greece agreed at a meeting with its European Union and International Monetary Fund (IMF) lenders on Friday to submit the list of reforms before Tuesday.
But officials said later that the Eurogroup had agreed to a delay though no reason was given.
"The list of reforms will be sent to the finance ministers of the Eurogroup on Tuesday morning, while a teleconference will take place in the afternoon," one official told Reuters news agency.
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Analysis: Mark Lowen, BBC News, Athens
Greek Finance Minister Yanis Varoufakis (right) and German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble address a news conference following talks at the finance ministry in Berlin, 5 February Greek Finance Minister Yanis Varoufakis (right) will have to convince his German counterpart, Wolfgang Schaeuble, pictured here earlier this month in Berlin
The next few hours will determine whether last week's deal on Greece will hold or whether the two sides are still too far apart on the conditions needed for the loan extension.
The Greek government will prioritise clamping down on tax evasion and smuggling in its list of reforms, hoping that will avoid more cuts in the public sector and may free up money to rehire civil servants and increase social spending.
But Germany and others are likely to insist that past austerity measures are irreversible. The European Commission, IMF and European Central Bank will deliver their verdict on Tuesday. If there are deep disagreements, the deal could collapse.
The Greek government will continue to sell this to its voters as the first time it has a real say in the reforms it will take but the reality is that the creditors will keep Athens on a tight leash and there is little room for manoeuvre.
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'Long road ahead'
Bild, Germany's biggest-selling newspaper, broke down in an article (in German) what it said was a tax hit list devised by the Greek government.
It will reportedly seek to raise 2.5bn euros from the fortunes of rich Greeks, 2.5bn from back taxes owed by individuals and businesses, and 2.3bn from a crackdown on tobacco and petrol smuggling.
The newspaper was publicly attacked on Friday by Greek Finance Minister Yanis Varoufakis who remarked about an earlier story: "One must believe @BILD's tall stories [about Greece] at one's peril."
Mr Jaeger said the Greek reform plan, once received, would be examined by Greece's three creditors - the European Central Bank, the European Commission and the IMF.
Once the three lenders had delivered their opinion, it would be discussed by eurozone finance ministers in a conference call on Tuesday, he said, according to Reuters.
On Friday, German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble stressed that there would be no payment of new funds to Greece until the conditions of the deal had been met.
Mr Varoufakis has said the bailout agreement will be "dead" if the list of reforms his government is drafting is not approved.
Greek PM Tsipras attends a cabinet meeting at the parliament building in Athens in February.The new Greek government, led by Prime Minister Tsipras, was elected by promising to reverse austerity
The four-month extension deal is widely regarded as a major climb-down for Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras, who won power vowing to reverse budget cuts.
In effect, the deal has kicked down the road some of the more difficult issues, like the future sustainability of Greek debt, the BBC's Chris Morris reports from Brussels.
For now the focus is on steadying the ship, and trying to produce an interim plan, he adds.
On Saturday, Mr Tsipras said in a televised address that his government had "won a battle, not the war".
He called the deal an "important negotiating success" but warned that there was a "long and difficult road ahead".
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Greek economy in numbers
Greek couple look at adverts for rental properties
  • Unemployment is at 25%, with youth unemployment almost 50% (corresponding eurozone averages: 11.4% and 23%)
  • Economy has shrunk by 25% since the start of the eurozone crisis
  • Country's debt is 175% of GDP
  • Borrowed €240bn (£188bn) from the EU, the ECB and the IMF

Australia strips Rolf Harris of honours


Rolf HarrisHarris has been jailed for nearly six years for indecent assaults on four girls

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Rolf Harris has been stripped of his Australian honours after his conviction last year for child sex offences.
A brief statement said that the disgraced entertainer's appointments as Officer and Member of the Order of Australia had been terminated by Governor General Peter Cosgrove.
Harris, 84, was jailed in July 2014 for nearly six years for 12 indecent assaults against four girls.
The offences took place between 1968 and 1986.
Australia operates a separate honours system to that of the UK. Harris has also been awarded honours under the UK system.
He has appeared on TV screens as a children's entertainer and songwriter.
He is also an artist and painted a portrait of Queen Elizabeth II to mark her 80th birthday in 2006.
Earlier this month he was again questioned by police regarding sex offence allegations.

Pakistan captures militant linked to Peshawar school assault


Relatives of killed students hold photos depicting the victims during a protest demanding that the culprits of the attack be brought to justice, in Peshawar, Pakistan, 7 February 2015Relatives of those killed are campaigning for the attackers to be brought to justice
The Pakistani military has arrested a man suspected of taking part in December's attack on the Army Public School in Peshawar.
The army claim that Taj Muhammad was one of the commanders behind the Taliban assault.
The army is still searching for other militants linked to the attack, in which at least 150 people were killed, including 133 children.
All of the gunmen who stormed the school are believed to be dead.
Taj Muhammed was captured in a camp for internally displaced people in the Pawaka area of Peshawar.
Pakistani authorities believe 27 militants were involved in the attack. Nine gunmen were killed during the siege and several others linked to the attack have been captured.
The detainees could be brought before military courts and face the death penalty if convicted of terrorism.
Following the massacre, security has been stepped up in the region, with teachers now allowed to carry guns.
Pakistani teachers handle various firearms during a weapons training session for school, college and university teachers at a police training centre in Peshawar on January 27, 2015Teachers in the region now guard schools with guns
Destruction left in the wake of the attack on the Peshawar school on 17 December 2014A BBC team photographed the destruction at the school shortly after the attack
The group of attackers cut through a wire fence at Peshawar's Army School on 16 December before launching an attack on an auditorium where children were taking a lesson in first aid.
The gunmen, who were wearing bomb vests, then went from room to room shooting pupils and teachers in a siege that lasted eight hours.
A faction of the Pakistani Taliban loyal to Mullah Fazlullah said they carried out the attack in revenge for the army's offensive against them in North Waziristan.

Chinese feast: Year of the lobster?



A steamed lobster is pulled from a pot.
Dumplings, red packets of money, long noodles symbolizing long life, fireworks at midnight - all of these are traditional Chinese trappings of Asian Lunar New Year celebrations happening around the globe.
This year, however, many Chinese tables will feature a new, unlikely addition to their traditional meals: lobsters from the US state of Maine.
China's hunger for this storied slice of Americana has been growing over the past decade. Stephanie Nadeau, owner of The Lobster Company wholesaler in Kennebunkport, Maine, says in 2009 China bought virtually no lobster from Maine. Now the Chinese New Year is the busiest time of year - even busier than Christmas.
"With Christmas, it's only one day," Nadeau says. By contrast, she says she'll spend four weeks this year filling her Chinese New Year orders.
"It's my busiest year ever," she adds. "The Chinese are very fond of live seafood."
And how much does the New Year's bounty weigh in at? "Probably 400,000 pounds [181,000kg]," Nadeau says.
"In Hong Kong, they use - almost exclusively - small 1lb [0.45kg] lobsters," she says. "Maybe 40 miles away in Guangzhou, which used to be Canton, they prefer a two- or three-pound lobster."
As China's middle class has developed increasingly cosmopolitan tastes, their presence has been felt in unlikely areas of the global economy. The majority of Maine lobster exports still go to Canada, but even with record catches, wholesalers say they hadn't anticipated this much demand from a country so geographically distant - a major concern when shipping live seafood.
Fireworks explode over Hong Kong to celebrate the Lunar New Year.Could lobsters become as big a part of Asian Lunar New Year celebrations as fireworks?
Flying nearly half a million pounds of lobster to China has proven especially challenging this winter.
"There's been [a lot] of difficulty this year because of all the bad weather we've had in Boston and New York," adds Nadeau. "This time of the year, because the water's so cold, we harvest very few lobsters - they pretty much hibernate in the winter. All the lobsters that we're shipping now were caught mostly in December and early January."
In order to accommodate the new demand, Nadeau says her business has built a new facility in Canada that holds about 120,000lb of live lobster.
Like other Maine lobster companies, Nadeau's business is ticking up because Chinese lobster eaters are looking abroad to revive old traditions in new ways. Spiny lobsters used to abound in the South China Sea, but overfishing has destroyed their Chinese habitat and driven up prices. Even though they've logged more air miles, US lobsters are a bargain in China.
"Our Maine lobsters are filling the middle-class void," Nadeau says. "We're working around the clock to get lobsters into China for the holiday."
Maine lobster offer softer meat and a finer flavour than their spiny cousins and allow Chinese consumers to return to old recipes - lobster is often steamed and dipped in wasabi and soy sauce, or eaten with noodles in a garlic sauce.
Maine lobster is often called "Boston Lobster" on Chinese menus. Nadeau, a native Mainer, says she doesn't mind being upstaged by her metropolitan neighbour to the south - as long as the orders keep coming in.
Aside from providing the perfect combination of flavour, value and US cachet, Nadeau says that Maine lobster - possibly the most typically New England food after clam chowder - has one decisive advantage in China.
"They like ours because they look like a dragon," she adds.
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