Thursday, 31 March 2011

Kuwait cabinet quits to avoid ministers' grilling


Thu Mar 31, 2011 1:46pm GMT
 
By Eman Goma
KUWAIT (Reuters) - Kuwait's cabinet resigned as expected Thursday to avoid a grilling by parliament of three ministers, all members of the ruling al-Sabah family, amid calls for political and economic reform.
Lawmakers had asked to question the ministers in the latest of a series of challenges by an unusually assertive Arab parliament that have delayed important economic reforms.
"The ministers submitted the resignation to the prime minister, who will refer it to the emir," a parliamentary source told Reuters. The state news agency KUNA quoted Minister of State for Cabinet Affairs Roudhan Abdulaziz Al-Raudan as saying the government had resigned.
Kuwait's parliament, the most outspoken in a region mostly dominated by autocratic rulers, has triggered numerous cabinet resignations or reshuffles through questionings.Continued

Bahraini Opposition: More than 300 Detained in Crackdown

March 31, 2011
Bahrain's main Shi'ite Wefaq opposition group leader Sheikh Ali Salman speaks to journalists during a news conference in Manama, March 30, 2011
Photo: Reuters
Bahrain's main Shi'ite Wefaq opposition group leader Sheikh Ali Salman speaks to journalists during a news conference in Manama, March 30, 2011

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Bahrain's largest Shi'ite opposition party says the Gulf state's minority Sunni rulers are intensifying arrests of opposition activists, with more than 300 detained as part of a crackdown on pro-democracy demonstrations.

The party, Wefaq, said Thursday Bahraini authorities have detained 304 people, including 11 women, since the crackdown began on March 16, when security forces evicted the protesters from Manama's Pearl Square. The party says 24 activists remain missing.
VOA Middle East Monitor host Susan Yackee interviews Faraz Sanei, with Human Rights Watch, on conditions in Bahrain:

One of the most prominent activists to be arrested is blogger Mahmoud al-Youssef, a vocal critic of the Bahraini government's limits on freedom of expression. Family members and human rights experts say Bahraini authorities took him into custody Wednesday.

Wefaq also accused a police patrol of opening fire on a group of teenagers and killing a 15-year-old boy in the Shi'ite village of Sar on Wednesday.

There was no independent confirmation of the circumstances of the shooting.

Earlier, Bahrain's interior ministry reported that 24 people have been killed in more than a month of anti-government protests in the majority Shi'ite state.

Bahraini Foreign Minister Sheik Khaled bin Ahmad Al-Khalifa has accused Lebanese the Shi'ite militant group Hezbollah of training Bahraini opposition activists to engage in violent protests against the ruling al-Khalifa family. He made the allegation in an interview published this week in the Al-Hayat newspaper.

Hezbollah issued a statement Thursday denying that any of its members are present in Bahrain.

The Iran-backed group says it has been providing only moral support to the opposition, which has been demanding the Sunni-led government's resignation and its replacement with a new system that gives a greater voice to Shi'ites.

Al Qaeda Declares Southern Yemeni Province An "Islamic Emirate"

al qaeda yemen
Image: Courtesy of Al-Jazeera

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Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) has declared Yemen's Abyan province an "Islamic Emirate" and banned women from going outside, according to Eurasia Review and accounts from Yemeni journalists. AQAP, which has established full control over the southern province, made an online statement Wednesday declaring Abyan an Islamic Emirate governed by Shariah.
The statement said women in the province should not go out except under necessary circumstances, "and she who urgently needs to go out, should be with one of her male relatives, and should have ID with her."
AQAP's announcement comes just a few days after jihadists looted an ammunition factory in Ja'ar, a city in Abyan province, killing 150 people in an apparently accidental explosion. Al Qaeda militants have also taken control of local communications facilities in the province.

US-Yemeni cleric: Arab unrest chance for al-Qaida


CAIRO (AP) — A U.S.-born radical Yemeni cleric claims in a new article that violent Islamist groups will be able to take advantage of the Arab world's wave of popular unrest, even if it leads to secular governments in Egypt, Tunisia, Libya and other countries.
Anwar al-Awlaki writes in a new edition of al-Qaida's online magazine that any new governments will be weaker than the regimes they are replacing, and that will create opportunities for al-Qaida and its allies to operate with more freedom.
"Even if the upcoming governments wanted to continue with a policy of appeasing the West and Israel, they would not have the strength and depth of power that the previous governments had developed over the past three decades," al-Awlaki writes in the English-language article.
Western experts and government officials have described the overthrow of the Western-allied presidents of Tunisia and Egypt by peaceful and ideologically moderate uprisings as blows to the violent ideology of al-Qaida and other militant groups. Continued

Uganda is Next After Libya-Nina Mbabazi

UGANDA TO OFFER GADDAFI ASYLUM
The US and other imperialists have been helped by our ceding our rights to government one right at a time and being comfortable with it. Now the African governments need us to survive and this is in fact the strongest position the citizens of Africa will ever be in. We should talk our intellectual debates off the laptops and actually engage.

I have no doubt that Uganda is next. Not because NRM has overseen Uganda for 25 years but because we are strategically located for world trade and we have oil. It has been an open secret that the US and China have all been looking at African countries that would best suit the air cargo needs of the future. The Somali pirates have brought that point home to these people that soon, they must move to air cargo and get off the waters. It speeds up world trade and it reduces insurance loses that are in the billions. Also with the ongoing weather changes, we are likely to see more Tsunami’s more unstable weather so air is a safe bet.
Since 2006, I have chanced upon many British, Americans and Chinese at Serena, Sheraton, etc who have been talking about Uganda as an air cargo hub. They are ready to build huge air cargo cities outside Kampala. One program they were targetting was Rakai but it got entangled in religious bickering. But they are looking at Rakai, Ntungamo, Soroti and Gulu as air cargo hubs. There are huge Macau casino investors that are also willing to come and I personally met with the Italian Formula 1 team that is interested in Uganda now as their new site outside the Arab world. Uganda is situated in the best place. People, we are the heart of Africa! Take Uganda and you have conquered the African world from Sudan to Libya, Congo to Nigeria, Uganda to Ethiopia, Uganda to South Africa. Continue

Mahiga oo Ceel ku riday Rajadii Shariif Sheekh Axmed iyo Shariif Sakiin oo farxad la qoslaya.

Mahiga oo Ceel ku riday Rajadii Shariif Shech 2011 14:24



amiirnuur.comWakiilka Xoghayaha guud ee Gaalada midoobay u qaabilsan arrimaha Soomaaliya  Gaalka lagu magacaabo Augstin Mahiga ayaa Ceel dheer ku riday rajadii uu Kursiga Madaxweynanimada u qabay  Shariif Sheekh Axmed. Augstina Mahiga ayaa maanta muujiyay  sida uu ula safanyahay Shariif Sakiin, kadib markii uu si cad u sheegay  in waqtiga Shariif Sheekh Axmed ay ku egyahay bisha August ee sanadkan.
Mahiga ayaa sidoo kale sheegay in ka hor bisha August loo baahanyahay in la qabto doorasho loogu tar tarmayo cidda badaleysa Shariif Sheekh Axmed oo hadda ku fadhiya xilka Hogaanka ugu sareeya ee Kooxda dabo dhilifyada Gumeystaha.
Saacado yar dib markii uu Mahiga hadalkaasi ka sheegay magaalada Nairobi ayaa waxa uu soo gaaray magaalada Muqdisho, isagoona Xarunta Madaxtooyada kulamo kula qaatay Shariif Sheekh Axmed iyo Maxamed C/llaahi Farmaajo.  Kulankan Sedax geesoodka ah kama qeyb gelin Shariif Sakiin, balse  Shariif Sakiin waxa uu u muuqdaa mid Sheedda sare ka daawanaya kulamada soconaya maadama uusan Shaki badan ka qabin inuu kusoo kala wareegan doono Mahiga.
Bilihii ugu dambeeyay waxaa khilaaf adag uu ka dhaxeeyay Saaxiibadii shalay, balse maanta cadow ku ah Shariif Sakiin iyo Shariif Sheekh Axmed, iyadoona khilaafka u dhaxeeya labada nin uu salka ku hayo xilka Hogaanka ee kooxda wakiilada Gumeysiga.
AmiirNuur Media Muqdisho

Maleeshiyaad ku dagaalamay Dharkeynleey.

Dagaallo u dhexeeya Maleeshiyaadka DKMG ah ayaa dib ugasoo cusboonaaday xaafado katirsan magaalada Muqdisho oo cadawgu gacanta ku hayaan.
Isku dhacyo xoogan ayaa saacadihii lasoo dhaafay kasoo cusboonaadey degmooyinka Wadajir iyo Dharkeynleey
halkaasi oo lagu laayay Maleeshiyaad Mooryaan ah.

Ilaa 5 katirsan Maleeshiyaadka Hogaamiyaasha Mooryaanta Kooxda Shariif ayaa shalay ilaa iyo xalay lagu dilay Dharkeynleey ka gadaal markii ay isku qabteen lacago baad ah oo ay ka qaadeen gaadiidka BL-ka iyo goobaha ganacsiga.
Maleeshiyaadka dagaalamay ayaa ah kuwii ka cararay aagaga dagaalka magaalada Muqdisho oo ay ku jabeen, dadka deegaanka ayaa sheegay in dhinacyada dagaalamay ay isku hayaan qaab beeleed, Maleeshiyaad ku abtirsada Beesha Abgaal ayaa weeraro joogta ah ku haya kuwa kale oo ku abtirsada beesha Habar gidir, dhamaan dhinacyada dagaalamaya ayaa kawada siman Murtadnimada waxayna isku hayaan qabiilkii sanamka ahaa ee Umadda Soomaaliyed ka gudubtay.

Shariif oo dhisaya maamul loogu magac daray Mahadaay State (Warbixin).

amiirnuur.comGaalada Midowde ayaa wada dhaq dhaqaaqyo xoogan oo ay kursiga dulufka ah uga tuureyso shariif Sheekh Axmed madaxa Kooxda camiilada ah ee gaalada u deegta.

Shariif Sheekh Axmed oo xaqiiqsaday in gaalada caalamka aysan waqti dheeri ah ugu dareyn hogaaminta DKMG ah ayaa bilaabay in uu maaweeliyo shakhsiyaad damiir laawayaal beeshiisa ah.

Wafdi katirsan Qurba joogta beesha Mudulood gaar ahaan kuwa la shaqeeya hay'adda UNDP ayaa dhawaan yimid Muqdisho waxayna kulamo laqaateen Shariif Sheekh Axmed si ay qeyb uga noqdaan dadaalada ladoonayo in lagu kala qeybiyo umadda Soomaaliyeed.

Ilo wareedyo ayaa xaqiijinaya in hay'adaha gaalada aduunka ay mas'uul ka yihiin dhismaha deegaan Gobaleedyada ay dibadaha uga dhawaaqayaan shakhsiyaad damiir laawayaal ah oo magac beeleed wata.

Cadawga umadda ayaa dhisay maamulada kala ah Somaliland,Puntland,Galmudug oo ah Sedax maamul oo deegaanno baaxad leh maamula dhamaantoodna leh calamo u gooni ah waxayna isku arkaan maamulo kamadax banaan Soomaaliya inteeda kale.

Sanadadii lasoo dhaafay waxaa soo baxay jufa hoosaadyo katirsan beelaha Soomaalida ayaa dibadaha uga dhawaaqay maamulo loogu magac daray tuulooyin.

Waa shaqooyinkii ay gaalada aduunka ugu talagaleen in ay ku kala qeybiyaan umadda Soomaaliya iyagoo adeegsanaya khuwano diintooda iyo dadnimadooda iibsaday.

Shariif oo fulinaya awaamirta gaalada aduunka ayaa qorsheynaya in uu dhiso maamulo loogu magac daray deegaano ay degto beeshiisa sida maamul loogu magac daray Waax iyo Waadi iyo mid kale oo dhawaan lagu dhawaaqi doono oo loogu magac daray Mahadaay State.

Mahadaay waa degmo katirsan Shabeelaha Dhexe oo ay Mujaahidiinta Somaaliya maamulaan sidey maamul Goboleed ku naqan doontaa? arrintan waxay kamid tahay waalida khuwanada Soomaalida ah iyo khiyaamada ay shacabka la damacsanyihiin cadawga.


AmiirNuur Media Isha Wararka Somalida

Mujaahidinta oo Dagaal Gaadma ah ku qabsaday degmada Luuq

Warar dheeraad ah ayaa kasoo baxaya dagaallo culus oo xalay ka dhacay degmada Luuq ee wilaayada Gedo kadib markii ay mujaahidiintu weeraro culus qaadeen.


Wararka nagasoo gaaraya Luuq ayaa xaqiijinaya in ciidamada  Mujaahidiinta wilaayada Gedo ay xalay gudaha ugaleen Luuq halkaasina waxaa ka dhacay dagaal saacado qaatay.

Ciidamada Mujaahidiinta waxaa u suura galay in ay qabsadaan magaalada kadib markii ay cagaha wax ka dayeen Maleeshiyaadkii Murtadiinta ahaa ee Amxaarada Itoobiya keentay Luuq.

Goob joogayaal ku sugan degmada Luuq ayaa sheegay in ciidanka Mujaahidiinta ay saaka si nabad gelya ah dib uga bexeen magaalada markii ay gaareen ujeedkii ay weerarka usoo qaadeen.

Ciidamada Mujaahidiinta ayaa maalmihii lasoo dhaafay weeraro taaktiiki ah ku qaadayay fariisimaha cadawga Itoobiya iyo Acwaantooda ka sameysteen degmooyinka Luuq iyo Beled Xaawo.

War deg deg: Dagaal culus oo fiidnimada caawa ka soconaya degmada Boondheere

Dagaal culus oo la isu adeegsanayo Hubka noocyadiisa kala duwan ayaa fiidnimadan caawa ka socda Xaafado ka tirsan degmada Boondheere, halkaas oo ah aagag ay isku hor fadhiyaan Ciidamada Dowladda, kuwa AMISOM iyo Xarakada Alshabaab.

Wariyaheena Muqdisho ayaa soo sheegaya in xabada ay si xoog leh uga dhaceyso aagaga degmadaas, gaar ahaan fariisimo dhufeysyo ah oo dhowaan ay la wareegeen Ciidamada Dowladda KMG iyo kuwa AMISOM.

Hugunka Madaafiicda Taangiyada ayaa si weyn loo maqlayaa iyo hubka cul culus ee boobayaasha iyo madaafiicda garbaha laga tuuro oo si saf ballaaran looga maqlayo Boondheere.

Dagaalka ayaa hada socda ku dhowaad labaatan daqiiqo, waxaana marka loo eego yahay dagaal qorsheysan oo Al-Shabaab ay dhowr jiho kaga soo qaaday Boondheere, maalmo kadib markii laga saaray dhowr dhufeysyo godod u badnaa.

Xaafadaha degmooyinka Xamar weyne iyo Shingaani ayaa si weyn ay saameyn ugu yeelatay dagaalada culus ee ka soconaya Boondheere, iyadoo si aad ah looga maqlayo madaafiicda iyo hubka la is weydaarsanayo.

Dagaalada ayaa xoogooda waxay ka socdaan inta u dhaxeysa Dhismaha Wasaaradii hore ee Boostada iyo Isgaarsiinta ilaa Wasaarada Arrimaha Gudaha oo xaafado u dhow dhow oo uu ka mid yahay Dugsigii Wiil-Waal iyo Hotelkii Caalimow dhowaan qabsadeen Ciidamada Dowladda.

Xadiga dagaalada caawa ayaa ah mid ka culus kuwii maalmihii la soo dhaafay ka dhacayay degmadaas, kuwaas oo ahaa dagaalo goos goos oo aan waqtiyeysneyn.

Wixii ku soo kordha kala soco wararkeena dambe


Warsaxafadeed: DFKMG ka qeyb galimeyso Shirka Nairobi


Warsaxaafadeed shirka golaha Wasiirada
Muqdisho, March, 31.2011——— Shirkii caadiga ahaa oo ay maanta isugu yimaadeen Golaha Wasiirada kaasoo uu shir guddoominayay Ra’iisul Wasaaraha Xukuumada Federaalka KMG ah ee Soomaaliya Mudane Maxamed Cabdullaahi Maxamed Farmaajo ayaa looga dooday shirka la sheegay inuu ka dhacayo bisha April 2011 magaalada Nairobi ee dalka Kenya.
Goluhu wuxuu soo dhoweeyey dadaalka beesha caalamka iyo ergeyga gaarka ah ee Q/midoobay u qaabilsan arrimaha Soomaaliya Dr. Augastina Mahiga, wuxuuna garwaaqsaday culeyska uu xilliga kala guurka ahi ku  hayo ummadda Soomaaliyeed, lagama maarmaanna ay tahay iaan shacbigeena ka gudbinno xilligaasi.
Dood dheer iyo falanqeyn kadib, goluhu wuxuu go’aansaday in dowladda federaalka KMG ah ee Soomaaliya aaney ka qeyb galin shirkaasi maadaama uu caqabad ku noqonayo horumarkii laga sameeyey dhanka sugida amniga, dhaqaalaha, siyaasada, arrimaha iyo bulshada iyo maamul wanaagaba.
Dowladda Federaalka KMG ah waxay wadaa inay wadatashi la sameynayso odayaasha, waxgaradka, culimada, siyaasiyiinta, haweenka, maamulada iyo bulshada rayidka ah si loo xalliyo tabashada shacabka Soomaaliyeed meel kasta uu joogo, loogana wada shaqeeyo danta guud ee dalka, dadka iyo diintaba.
Goluhu wuxuu ugu baaqayaa baarlamaanka Soomaaliyeed iyo qeybaha kala duwan ee bulshada inay taageeraan go’aankan dhaxal galka ah si looga fogaado wax kasta oo wiiqi kara midnimada iyo danaha guud ee ummadda.
Waxaa hubaal ah in waqtigii yaraa ee ay jirtay xukuumadan cusub ay gaartay guulo la taaban karo oo saldhig u ah ka gudbida waqtiga kala guurka ah, balse ay u baahan yihiin dhameystir.
Jaangoynta siyaasada Soomaaliya waxaa mas’uul ka ah xukuumada Federaalka ee Dowladda Soomaaliyeed, sidaasi darteed, waxaan ugu baaqeynaa ergeyga gaarka ah ee Q/midoobay u qaabilsan Soomaaliya iyo dhamaan beesha caalamkuba inay nagu ixtiraamaan mas’uuliyidda Dastuuriga ah ee uu goluhu leeyhaya, naguna taageeraan howlaha culus ee ay ku jirto dowladd Soomaaliya iyo ciidamada AMISOM.
Waxaa nasoo gaarsiiye qoraalkaan
Xafiiska Warfaafinta ee Ra’iisul Wasaaraha

Ugandan women tricked into domestic slavery in Iraq

The BBC has the first detailed accounts of how Ugandan women ended up in domestic slavery in Iraq, and the extraordinary story of their rescue.
Ugandan women farming in the west of the country At least 100 of the Ugandan women who went to Iraq in 2009 remain unaccounted for
Prossie was working as a schoolteacher when she heard an attractive advert on Ugandan radio.
A Kampala company called Uganda Veterans Development Ltd was recruiting women to work for high wages in shops in US Army bases in Iraq.
She signed up, along with 146 other Ugandan women.
But when she arrived in Baghdad, she discovered that been bought by an Iraqi agent for $3,500 (£2,200). Her real job was as a housemaid for an Iraqi family.
Like many others, she was forced to work long hours, sometimes from 5am until midnight. She often received little food or water and she was locked inside the house.
"It was a lot of work because Iraqis have this dust, the sand storms, it keeps on falling, so you have to keep on cleaning from morning until you sleep," Prossie said.
Rape
When Prossie protested, her employer told her: "We paid a lot of money for you and we were told that you people don't get sick and you don't get tired. So you have to work."
Samuel Tumwesigye and Lt Col Theodore Lockwood Sam Tumwesigye and Lt Col Theodore Lockwood rescued 14 Ugandan women
Prossie was raped by the man in the house. Several other trafficked Ugandan women we spoke to were raped too.
"I felt so sad and I had no way out. I really hated everything in the house," she said. "It was psychological torture."
On the other side of Baghdad, at an American military base, a Ugandan security contractor called Samuel Tumwesigye heard what was happening to these women.
He called one of them, Agnes, on a mobile phone she had hidden, and promised to help her.
"The first thing I did was go to my bedroom and pray to God," Mr Tumwesigye said. "I thought: 'Please, I'm going to start this. Let me succeed.'"
He told Agnes that if she could escape from the house and get to the Flying Man statue close to Baghdad Airport he would rescue her.
Escape
Agnes had no passport, very little money and she spoke no Arabic. But she had been told that she was soon to be moved to Syria and she believed this was her only chance of escaping.

Ugandan Labour Exports

Ugandan woman wearing necklace
  • Exporting labour earned Uganda $500m a year, at its peak in 2009
  • Most of the workers sent abroad are men, only a small minority are women
  • A women's rights organisation, FIDA-U, has filed a court case against Uganda Veterans Development Ltd
  • An earlier attempt to sue the company failed when the lawyer pulled out
She waited until the family took an afternoon nap before going up to the roof of the house and stealing an abaya cloak from the washing line. When she got outside the gate of the house, she started running.
She was able to find a taxi driver who spoke English and was prepared to take her to the statue. Agnes had to negotiate her way through four checkpoints without documents.
She called Mr Tumwesigye en route and he risked his job when he appropriated a vehicle from the base and drove to get her - violating a strict requirement of his contract not to leave the base.
Previously, Mr Tumwesigye had approached a base chief, Lt Col Theodore Lockwood, about the women's predicament.
Col Lockwood said there was nothing the US Army could do to help the women. However, if they could somehow get to the base, he would allow them on to it. Continued

Ugandan inflation in shock leap to double-digits

Thu Mar 31, 2011 3:25pm GMT
 
[-] Text []
KAMPALA (Reuters) - Uganda's year-on-year inflation rate leapt into double digits in March, driven by surging food costs, piling pressure on policymakers to curb the rising prices.
Food prices, which carry a 27.2 percent weighting in the consumer price index (CPI), jumped 11.9 percent month-on-month to push the headline rate up for a fifth straight month to 11.1 percent from a revised 6.4 percent in February.
Against March last year, food prices were up 23.6 percent, official date showed on Thursday. Among those, food crop prices were up nearly 30 percent.
"Obviously I didn't expect a jump so high and yes, one might speculate that it will probably put some considerable pressure on policy planners," said Bill Page, a partner at Deloitte & Touche in Kampala.
Rising global food costs, the high price of oil on world markets and a local currency that continues to hover just off a record low combined to shove local prices higher.
The shilling fell through a series of all-time lows earlier this year, hurt by declining export earnings, speculative trading by offshore players and soaring greenback demand.
At Thursday's market close, local commercial banks offered the shilling at 2,395/2,400 per dollar.
The Uganda Bureau of Statistics said the CPI climbed 4.1 percent in March from a month earlier compared with 1.7 percent in February.
"We'll probably see the government raising interest rates ... and possibly engaging other tools to stem the rise," said Mona Muguma, an analyst at African Alliance.
Other analysts said a tightening of monetary policy would only offer a short-term remedy.
"When you have a swelling urban population while food output remains flat like what's happening here you'll certainly see prices going through roof. This is fundamental and needs a long term solution," said Francis Kamulegeya, partner at PriceWaterhouseCoopers .

Libya: Uganda offers Muammar Gaddafi refuge


Uganda has freely offered embattled Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi refuge in Uganda as diplomats attempt to persuade the defiant leader to leave office without military force. However, if Gaddafi chooses to fight to the end as he once avowed, the international coalition said it is prepared to arm Libyan rebels.
According to reports, negotiations on securing Gaddafi’s exit were being conducted with "absolute discretion" and that there were options on the table that hadn’t yet been formalized.
Italian Foreign Minister Franco Frattini said several nations are willing to welcome Gaddafi and his family, obviously to end this situation which otherwise could go on for some time.
“He [Gaddafi] would be welcome here [Uganda],” spokesman for Uganda’s president, Tamale Mirundi, told the AP.
Frattin however warned that immunity was not an option for Gaddafi.
But if all fails to persuade Gaddafi, the international community is prepared to arm Libyan rebels following reports that Gaddafi’s ground forces are swiftly reversing the gains rebels made since international airstrikes began.
Although coalition airstrikes have neutralized Gaddafi’s air force and pounded his army his ground forces remain superiorly equipped, trained and organized compared to rebel fighters.
A military strategy by Gaddafi forces have seen them abandon their tanks and armored vehicles for minivans, sedans and SUVs fitted with weapons.
This strategy has made it harder for the coalition to distinguish Gaddafi’s forces from the rebels. So far, Gaddafi’s forces recaptured a strategic oil town Wednesday and moved within salient distance of another major eastern city.
The turnaround of events has convinced the United States that the poorly equipped opposition is unlikely to carry out a regime change revolution without decisive Western intervention [An all-out U.S.-led military assault on regime forces or a decision to arm the rebels].
But China, Russia and Germany oppose supplying weapons to the rebels.
The mandate to protect under the U.N. resolution dictates that nations supplying weapons would need to be satisfied they would be used only to defend civilians and not to take the offensive to Gaddafi’s forces.
This limitation has led France, one of the strongest backers of international intervention in Libya, to demand for a new U.N. resolution concerning Libya.

Ethiopian Opposition Names 68 Oromos Arrested Over Past Month

Ethiopia’s main opposition group listed the names of 68 people detained in the Oromia region over the past month.
The majority of the arrests took place on March 13 and 14, Medrek, a six-member coalition of opposition groups, said in a statement handed to reporters today in the capital, Addis Ababa. Those arrested in towns mostly in the West Shoa and East Wollega areas were either opposition activists or sympathizers, spokesman Beyene Petros said.
Police arrested 121 people in the Oromia region this month, all of whom were members of the banned, Eritrea-based Oromo Liberation Front, government spokesman Shimeles Kemal said in a phone interview yesterday, revising downward a figure of 200 arrests he gave a day earlier.
Medrek said the detentions may be related to government fears of unrest, though the opposition group isn’t advocating anti-government protests, Beyene said.
“The fact that it was directed at politically related people is a basis for suspicion this is pre-emptive,” Beyene said.
Oromos are the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia. The OLF has waged a 38-year campaign for autonomy in Oromia, the largest of Ethiopia’s nine federal states.
To contact the reporter on this story: William Davison in Addis Ababa via Nairobi at pmrichardson@bloomberg.net.

Djibouti: UN meeting on Somalia will rekindle protracted conflict

 

He said that the UN sponsored meeting for Somali transitional federal government, regional and small self-styled administrations will bring about destructive results on the Djibouti peace process.
As the United Nations plans to gather Somali political factions for a meeting in neighboring Kenya, the Djibouti government is already casting doubt on the outcome.
clearpxl Hamoud Abdi Sultan, Djibouti's minister for religious affairs, indicated that the U.N.-organized conference, which will take place in Nairobi, will rekindle the current protected conflict and civil war in the horn of Africa nation.
Invited to the meeting are representatives of Somalia's transitional federal government (TFG) as well as regional and small self-styled administrations.
“I think it is not good to compare between Somali interim federal government and regional and small autonomous administrations. TFG is agreed upon by all Somali people and must be launching point instead to do another Somali national reconciliation conference,” Sultan explained.
He said the meeting would have destructive results on the Djibouti peace process.
The statement comes as Augustine Mahiga, UN special representative for Somalia, paid visits to Mogadishu, Puntland and Somaliland to invite them to attend the conference.
In 2000, Djibouti hosted a major reconciliation conference, which resulted in creation of the Transitional National Government with a three-year mandate to pursue national reconciliation and Abdikassim Salad Hassan was elected president of Somalia. In early 2002, Kenya organized a further reconciliation effort under Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) auspices.
On Oct. 10, 2004, the transitional federal parliament elected Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, president of Puntland, to be the next president and formed a new transitional federal government. Because of the situation in Mogadishu, the election was held in a sports center in Nairobi. The government located for a time to Baidoa. It has suffered internal crises, such as ministers quitting and a no confidence vote, but has survived.
In January 2009, the former chairman of the Islamic Courts Union movement, Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmed, was elected president of Somalia in the second round of balloting held in the capital of neighboring Djibouti.
Somalia has not had any functioning central rule since 1991, when military dictator Mohammed Siad Barre was overthrown by Somali warlords. Several attempts to establish a central government have failed.

Radio Journalists Released, Who Was Behind Their Arrest?

press release
The National Union of Somali Journalists (NUSOJ) welcomes the release of two Radio Shabelle journalists who were arrested and locked up illegally by the National Security Agency (NSA) of the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia for 4 days on the orders of the Ministry of Information.
The complaint of the Ministry of Information stated that the Radio station offended President Sharif Sheik Ahmed. In the detention, NSA officers ordered Radio Shabelle journalists to make an apology about the news report they broadcasted about President Sharif’s visit at frontlines. The journalists refuted to make any apology and insisted that the news report was accurate. The 2 journalists reportedly told fellow journalists that they were neither tortured nor ill-treated during their detention.
“We are very pleased to hear that our colleagues Abdirashid Omar and Abdi Mohamed Ismail are free to do their work after their freedom was stripped off illegally for days because they reported factual news concerning TFG president. We reiterate our total condemnation to the Ministry of Information by coaching the security forces against journalists,” said Omar Faruk Osman, NUSOJ Secretary General.

The war intensifies, especially near the border with Kenya

Somalia's civil war

A bloody border

 

IN THE past few months a force of the African Union (AU), consisting mainly of Ugandans and Burundians, has gained ground in Mogadishu, Somalia’s battered capital, pushing the rebels of the Shabab, the jihadist movement linked to al-Qaeda, back to the fringes of the city. That offensive may, however, be faltering, following the death in battle of a score of Burundian soldiers and rising tension between the AU forces and those of Somalia’s transitional government.
Lately the war has also intensified to the west and south of Mogadishu, which was previously under Shabab control. Fighters of Ahla Sunna Waljama, a Sufi group which has been fighting the Shabab in central Somalia, say they have taken control of several towns close to the border with Kenya and Ethiopia. As a result, thousands of Somalis have fled across the porous border into Kenya, which now hosts 260,000 registered Somali refugees, along with hundreds of thousands of unregistered ones.
The Shabab says it is still in charge of the south and south-west. It has asserted its authority in some border towns by lopping off limbs or even the heads of men they accuse of fighting against them. The Shabab has also accused Kenya’s government of sending its forces into Somalia to help the feeble but internationally recognised transitional government. Sensitive to the views of Kenya’s 2m-plus ethnic Somalis, who favour a policy of non-intervention, Kenyan officials deny such direct involvement.
Most of the recently displaced Somalis have taken shelter in and around the Kenyan town of Mandera. Kenya says it has arrested a number of Shabab fighters in the town, including some non-Somali jihadists. Mandera’s elders are worried that the violence may be spilling over into Kenya. They express particular hostility to the reported presence of Ethiopian agents in the town. But Mandera has long been a regional hub for the sale of cattle, camels and general trade; the border with Ethiopia and Somalia is only a walk away. Safaricom, a Kenyan telecoms firm, says Mandera has the busiest mobile-phone traffic in the country.
The Shabab may be more resilient than the AU and Western countries would like. Some Somalis originally welcomed it for bringing order and for weaning locals off foreign aid. Moreover, Ahla Sunna is distrusted because it gets military support from Ethiopia, the Somalis’ ancient enemy. No single group looks capable of securing permanent control of the border. But the Shabab is on the defensive.

Girl, 5, fighting for life after gangland shooting opens her eyes as gunmen's target comes forward to help police

  • Desperate relatives keep vigil as both victims remain critical but stable
  • Crimestoppers offer £50,000 for information that helps catch attacker
  • Police move in to reassure residents over revenge attacks
The five-year-old girl fighting for her life after being caught in an apparent gangland shooting has opened her eyes, it emerged today.

Thushara Kamaleswaran is still in a critical condition but is considered stable. Her distraught parents are keeping a vigil by her beside.

Thushara and another bystander were caught in the crossfire during a shooting at a convenience store in south London on Tuesday night.
Critical: Five-year-old Thushara Kamaleswaran was gunned down in front of her parents by a bullet that narrowly missed her heart
Critical: Five-year-old Thushara Kamaleswaran was gunned down in front of her parents by a bullet that narrowly missed her heart
Critical: Five-year-old Thushara Kamaleswaran was gunned down in front of her mother and siblings by a bullet that narrowly missed her heart
As detectives hunt the attackers, one of the youths thought to be have been the target of the gang has now contacted police.

Crimestoppers are also offering a £50,000 reward for information that helps lead to the shooters' arrest.

A family friend of Thushara's parents, Velluppillai Navaratnam said today: 'The parents of Thusha are at the hospital now. We are all praying for her to get well soon.'

Roshan Selvakumar, 35, who lived above the shop in Stockwell and was shot in the face, is also critical but stable in hospital.

Detective Chief Inspector Tony Boughton said: 'Although their injuries are very serious, they are both under the circumstances doing well.'

Sources have revealed up to 50 gangs operate in the area where the shooting took place.

Territorial Support Group officers have now been called in to reassure residents who fear 'tit for tat' attacks.

Youths visiting the scene of the attack have already been vowing to take revenge. One threatened the perpetrators would be 'hunted down'.


CONTINUED

Lockerbie bombing prosecutors target Libyan defector Moussa Koussa

Scottish investigators have asked to interview Gaddafi foreign minister and spymaster, who has defected to Britain


The wrecked cockpit of Pan Am 103 outside Lockerbie, Scotland, after the 1988 bombing
The wrecked cockpit of Pan Am 103 outside Lockerbie, Scotland, after the 1988 bombing. Moussa Koussa, the Gaddafi foreign minister who has defected to the UK, is being targeted by Scottish investigations for questioning. Photograph: AP

Scottish prosecutors have asked to interview Moussa Koussa about the Lockerbie bombing after the Libyan foreign minister and spy chief defected to Britain.
The request from the Crown Office in Scotland follows demands from Libya's rebel leadership for Koussa to be returned to Libya for trial for murder and crimes against humanity after Muammar Gaddafi is toppled from power.
Libyan foreign minister Moussa Koussa, who will not be offered immunity from prosecution Moussa Koussa. Photograph: Mohamed Messara/EPA
William Hague, the British foreign secretary, has said the UK is not offering Koussa immunity from prosecution.

The Crown Office in Edinburgh has said it is formally asking for its prosecutors and detectives from Dumfries and Galloway police to question Koussa about the 1988 bombing. "We have notified the Foreign and Commonwealth Office that the Scottish prosecuting and investigating authorities wish to interview Mr Koussa in connection with the Lockerbie bombing," it said.
"The investigation into the Lockerbie bombing remains open and we will pursue all relevant lines of inquiry."
Continued

Somaliland’s Central Bank Plans to Grant First Banking Licenses

March 31, 2011, 4:45 AM EDT
By Sarah McGregor
March 31 (Bloomberg) -- The central bank of Somaliland, a breakaway republic in northern Somalia, expects lawmakers to enact a draft banking law by June, enabling commercial lenders to extend credit to borrowers for the first time.
Somaliland is in talks with Banque pour le Commerce et l’Industrie, based in neighboring Djibouti, and two other lenders to grant them banking licenses “right away,” Bank of Somaliland Governor Abdi Dirir Abdi said in an interview in the capital, Hargeisa, yesterday. The nation of 3.5 million people currently has no banks.
“Once we see credit to small businesses then our economy will start to grow,” said Abdi, a 61-year-old former trade- financing expert with the Islamic Development Bank. “The presence of international banks will help us trade with the world.”
Somaliland’s annual gross domestic product is estimated at $500 million, of which remittances from overseas workers represent about 80 percent, Abdi said. The remainder of the Horn of Africa nation’s economic output is mostly generated by the export of camels, cattle, sheep and goats to the Middle East and North Africa, he said.
Abdi, who received his MBA from Northrop University in Los Angeles, was appointed governor six months ago by President Ahmed Silanyo, who came to power following a June 26 election. Somaliland is stable relative to its southern neighbor Somalia, where a civil war has been raging for the past two decades. Continued

Ex-MP Jim Devine jailed for 16 months

SCOTTISH ex-MP Jim Devine who fiddled his parliamentary expenses and then tried to pin the blame on his former office manager was jailed for 16 months today.
Devine, 57, submitted false invoices for cleaning and printing work totalling £8,385 between 2008 and 2009.
The former Labour member for Livingston claimed he had acted on advice given with a "nod and a wink" by a fellow MP in a House of Commons bar.
He also told his trial that former office manager Marion Kinley paid herself more than £5,000 from his staffing allowance without his knowledge.
Devine was described by Ms Kinley as a "habitual liar" while prosecutor Peter Wright QC asked him: "Are you just making this up as you go along?"
He said he was not but jurors at Southwark Crown Court, in London disagreed and convicted him on two charges of false accounting last month.
Since his conviction, Devine, of West Main Street, Bathgate, West Lothian, has been declared bankrupt.
Today he became the third former MP to be jailed in the wake of the expenses scandal when he was sentenced at the Old Bailey by Mr Justice Saunders.
The judge said: "Mr Devine set about defrauding the public purse in a calculated and deliberate way."

Wednesday, 30 March 2011

The Somali Youth League, Ethiopian Somalis and the Greater Somalia Idea, c.1946-48


Author: Cedric Barnesa
Affiliation:  a School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London,
DOI: 10.1080/17531050701452564
 
Published in: journal Journal of Eastern African Studies, Volume 1, Issue 2 July 2007 , pages 277 - 291
Publication Frequency: 4 issues per year

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To cite this Article: Barnes, Cedric 'The Somali Youth League, Ethiopian Somalis and the Greater Somalia Idea, c.1946–48', Journal of Eastern African Studies, 1:2, 277 - 291

Abstract

From 1946 to 1948 the Somali Youth Club (SYC) grew from a small Mogadishu based urban self-help group into a burgeoning nationalist organisation calling for the unification of all the Somali-speaking lands into Greater Somalia, changing its name to the 'Somali Youth League' (SYL) in the process. The reason for this rapid expansion and radicalisation was a conjuncture of several factors, but it is most immediately attributable to the international deliberations over the future of the Italian East African Empire. In 1946 the international community began to address the future of the Italian Empire, and the British raised the possibility of creating a Greater Somalia administration (under British trusteeship) as a basis for future independence. The SYC, which had until then concentrated on a more limited and arguably more achievable political programme for the furtherance of Somali interests in ex-Italian Somalia, became mesmerised by the idea of Greater Somalia. Greater Somalia became a popular rallying call for the expanding nationalist project. However, as this article argues, although the Greater Somalia project galvanised the SYC into a mass nationalist organisation (the SYL), the expansion of its activities into the greater Somalia hinterland, such as the Ethiopian Ogaden region, brought different priorities and perspectives to project. The differing histories of clans and regions dissipated the cohesion, discipline and aims of the SYL at a crucial historical juncture. Ultimately the SYL was unable to create a Greater Somalia, nor prevent the repartition of the Somali-lands and the return of former colonial and imperial powers.
  From 1946 to 1948 the Somali Youth Club (SYC) grew from a small Mogadishu based urban self-help organisation into a burgeoning nationalist organisation calling for the unification of all the Somali-speaking lands into Greater Somalia, changing its name to the 'Somali Youth League' (SYL) in the process. The reason for the rapid expansion and radicalisation of the SYC/L was a conjuncture of several factors, but it is most immediately attributable to the international deliberations over the future of the Italian East African Empire. In 1946 the international community began to address the future of the Italian Empire, and the British raised the possibility of creating a Greater Somalia administration (under British trusteeship) as a basis for future independence. The SYC, which hitherto had concentrated on a more limited and arguably more achievable political programme for the furtherance of Somali interests in ex-Italian Somalia, became mesmerised by the idea of Greater Somalia. Once the idea of Greater Somalia gained public currency it became a popular rallying call for the expanding nationalist project. However, as this article argues, although the Greater Somalia project galvanised the SYC into a mass nationalist organisation (the SYL), the expansion of its activities into the greater Somalia hinterland, such as the Ethiopian Ogaden region, brought different priorities and perspectives to the project. The differing histories of clans and regions included in the Greater Somalia project dissipated the cohesion, discipline and aims of the SYL at a crucial historical juncture. Ultimately the SYL was unable to create a Greater Somalia, nor prevent the repartition of the Somali-lands and the return of former colonial and imperial powers.

Territorial Divisions in the Somali-lands

  The territorial divisions of the Somali inhabited lands of Northeast Africa had been a problem from the outset of colonial administration in the Horn of Africa. In the late nineteenth century, the growing Ethiopian Empire and the Ethiopian defeat of the Italian colonial army at Adwa in 1896 made Ethiopia a direct threat to colonial possessions and spheres of influence in the region. Faced with an armed and aggressive African state, European colonial powers in the Somali-lands were forced to curtail their territorial claims for the sake of greater imperial stratagems.1 Colonial administrators in British Somaliland saw the territorial concession to Ethiopia as a mistake and the subsequent boundary agreement as unworkable, storing up problems for the future. The boundary with Ethiopia became an obsession upon which the many woes of an economically poor and administratively volatile colony were blamed. A similar case applied to Italian Somalia.2 However to the Ethiopians, for whom their independence and sovereign territory became an article of faith, any adjustment to colonial boundaries seemed like a concession to colonial aggrandisement. Soon, however, all the Somali-lands became engulfed in the twenty-year 'Dervish' religious revolt led by Sayyid Maxamad Cabdille Xasan, forcing Ethiopia, Britain and Italy to cooperate, and the differences over the boundaries faded from view.
In the 1920s and 1930s, as 'peaceful' administration returned to the borderland areas between the colonial Somali-lands and the Ethiopian Empire, the unresolved boundary issues came back into view. Throughout the inter-war period there were continual skirmishes on the boundaries between the Somali-lands, not only between the colonial administrations and Ethiopia, but also between the colonial administrations themselves.3 However it was on the boundary with Italian Somalia at the wells of Wal Wal that the issue became altogether more serious. A clash between Italian and Ethiopian border patrols well inside the Ethiopian boundary in the Ogaden region provided the pretext for the Italian invasion of Ethiopia. Despite the international outcry that the Italian annexation of Ethiopia occasioned, the absorption of the Ethiopian Empire into the Italian empire was quickly recognised by the British whose colonial territories shared the longest boundary with Ethiopia. After the invasion of Ethiopia in 1935-36, the Italian Empire incorporated Eritrea, Ethiopia and Italian Somalia into one regional bloc of semi-autonomous governorships and rationalised some of the old international boundaries. One of the most significant adjustments the Italian Empire made was the creation of a much larger Somali administration by excising the Ogaden region from the Ethiopian governorships and combining it with the coastal colony of Italian Somaliland, creating a 'greater' Italian Somalia.
Britain's initial sympathy and cooperation with the enlarged Italian Empire ended abruptly with the Italian entry into the Second World War, on the 'wrong' side. In 1940, as France capitulated and Italy joined the Axis powers, suddenly the Italian Empire changed from a benign modern administration (the very opposite, it was thought, of the ex-Ethiopian Empire), to a belligerent power in the midst of the British Empire in Africa. After initially successful Italian offensives, including the brief invasion and occupation of the British Somaliland Protectorate, British and Commonwealth forces aided by Ethiopian exiles and internal 'patriot' resistance defeated the Italian forces in East Africa. The collapse of the Italian East African Empire came surprisingly quickly, and the upshot of this rapid victory was the need for a British Military Administration (BMA hereafter) over the Empire's vast area, now designated as Occupied Enemy Territory (since the Italian conquest had been legally recognised by the British in 1938). The occupation of this territory, justified as a military necessity, then became entwined with larger and older imperial questions in northeast Africa, such as frontier rectification and rationalisation.4 However, the British maintained territorial adjustments made by the Italians for the duration of the war, and left decisions over the future of the Italian Empire until the projected post-war peace conferences. Continued

Fed Up With Your Country?

How to Start Your Own Xubin and Waax CountryBiyokulule Online
Wednesday, March 16, 2011

 

The discontent created by artificial borders was being blamed for the Horn of Africa`s instability. These artificial borders separating people, causing neighborly disputes and wars, should really be considered the root of all evils in Africa. And Africa`s independent governments had failed to accommodate this historical mistake. In the case of Somalia today, a redrawing of clan borders or bringing clans with a shared history together is underway.

In addition, the current Western-backed Transitional Federal Government in Mogadishu is not attuned and capable of broadening its territorial control to include and address the specific needs of all clans whose support was needed to pacify the country. Some regions of the country were already made of Sheikhdoms by Sheikh-warlords, plunging Somalia into another wretched experiment.

For now, Do-It-Yourself democracies is the most natural state for Somalis; that is, the abolition of artificial borders, which when Europeans created do not lead to anything good. Do-It-Yourself democracies (DIY democracies) are also the opportunity for the Somalis to see, condemn and even intervene against dictatorships, pirates, Sheikh-warlords, and dreaming cabdrivers which hide behind the tall walls of “the securing and guarding the colonial borders”.

The only answer to colonial irrationalities that divided Somalis with artificial borders is to create truly independent micro-Somalias.

Creating Your Xubin and Waax Country

In this new millennium, while the West is seeking to overcome the problems of the nation-state through projects of regional integration, Somalia is being forced to crumble. Beside the colonial borders, Roobdoon Forum is also heaping blame on the Cold War for setting the stage for Somalia to dissect itself into xubin and waax, like an amoeba.

The wounds inflicted on Somalia by the Cold War are still very raw. The United States and the former USSR (Russia), two rival ideological powers, confronted one another from Ethiopia and Somalia. And 25 years ago, when the USSR collapsed, self-destructive civil wars began and Somalia ceased to be a state. Since then, Somalia was left on the life-support machine of Western aid administered by the United Nations` World Food Programme.

Micronations sprung up throughout what was then “Somalia”. All of these micro-entities are independent from the Mogadishu-based Government. They are built on Somali Sheikh-warlords`, egocentric and clannish personalities.

Roobdoon Forum veils its central argument with a famous old proverb that says: “You can`t make an elephant even from 1,000 mice.” For decades, the 1,000 Somali sub-clans humiliated the prospects of Somaliweyn (Maandeeq). Thus, while the dream of the one nation-state called “Somaliweyn” is coming to its end, there must be an effort to try an alternative political unit made up of many micro-Somalias.

Micro-Somalias

Although many scholars argue that democracy is the best method of governance, despite its pitfalls and imperfections, yet any model of governance is in perfectible state and its viability depends upon a variety of factors. For instance, there are various models of democracy in the West, and all of them have one thing in common: the will of the people is respected.Continued

Cote d`Ivoire: France, United States Said To Fuel Rebellions in Africa

 
Notre Voie Online
Monday, March 28, 2011

 

Article by Benjamin Kore: “Wars and Rebellions - France and the United States, the Evils of the World”

The whole world is about to explode. Less powerful countries are paying the price of having mineral resources. An imperialist system headed by France and the United States is financing rebellions eating up the planet.

In which way is the League of Nations (LN) different from the United Nations (UN) regarding conflict prevention and solving? Created in 1920 after World War I, the LN was replaced in 1946 with the UN for being inefficient. Unfortunately, since 1946, the UN is at work and we are back to square one. The reason is that nothing has really changed. Deadly wars, influence peddling and crises of interest keep shaking the world. Super powers known as countries of old democracies are jeopardizing the sovereignty of less powerful countries and that of former colonies. The LN was found to be inefficient, but the UN also has failed in its mission. The problem is that the UN has lost its substance and its credibility to become a true repression and domination tool in the hands of certain powerful countries of the world, among which France and the United States always ready to export rebellions. These two countries have never contained their thirst to crush others in order to exploit their mineral resources. They use the UN as an arsenal of war to annihilate less powerful countries. Thus, with the United Nations Organization, the world is heading toward chaos and the worse is at our doorsteps. All areas on the planet are becoming tension zones by the fault of France and the United States who lack virtues when it comes to dealing with their interests.

Leaders succeed others at the helm of those states, but the policies consisting in attacking and imposing their diktat with impunity on less powerful countries remain the same. We thought that Georges Bush had made a mistake by going to war in Saddam Hussein`s Iraq, first under the pretext of freeing Kuwait in 1991 from the hands of Iraq, and then by accusing Saddam Hussein of possessing Weapons of Mass Destruction. In reality, it was not a mistake. It was rather an itinerary for all US presidents to follow. The proof is, by using the fallacious pretext of possession of Weapons of Mass Destruction, the United States occupied Iraq without scruples. They hanged Saddam Hussein and his close aides. This is exaggeratedly inhuman. Despite those big crimes against humanity committed in Iraq, US soldiers are still unable to pacify Iraq. They are rather ashamed to withdraw from that country. And yet, they committed all those crimes by ignoring the UN, which, as a reminder, was opposed to that military intervention in Iraq. What could the United Nations concretely do in front of the United States? Unable to stop the Americans in their dirty war, the so-called peace organization decided to cover the crimes of the Americans in Iraq.

All the presidents who ruled the United States followed the same war dynamic. Barack Obama who made the whole world and some Blacks to dream revealed himself as the biggest deception.

A man without a personality of his own, he blindly follows Nicolas Sarkozy. Also, Nicolas Sarkozy`s advent at the helm of France gave us some hope. We thought he would do better than Jacques Chirac and his predecessors. But that was a wrong appreciation about the man as he is everywhere and meddles with other people`s business. For no reason, he would run to the UN to brandish some resolutions like a red rug. Sarkozy is taking Barack Obama and the European Union along in his meddling with the internal affairs of other countries. Like his predecessors, under his mandate, interference in internal affairs of countries has become the most highly prized thing. And the late Franois Mitterrand`s speech at La Baule dedicated to democracy has lost its true meaning, making place to rebellions and wars tearing the whole world apart. Elections have become simple formalities because null and void. The sovereignty of each country is trample under feet because Nicolas Sarkozy and his allies so want. While beguiling peoples with speeches on democracy, the Fre nch and US presidents finance rebellions and back killings in countries where they want to designate leaders in the place of the people. The war between Israel and Palestine has never been solved. The UN is unable to impose peace because the United States and their allies back one side. For a long time, Syria occupied Lebanon without the UN taking action. The organization rather prefers to put pressure on North Korea because the United States so want.

In Africa, South Africa suffered racism. France and the Americans remained silent in the face of the situation. Rwanda was decimated by France which was in first line of the genocide in that country. The Angolan war was one of the longest on the African continent because the rebel leader, Jonas Savimbi, had the backing of the Americans who established an airlift to supply him with weapons and food. The war in Liberia revealed that Charles Taylor as a rebel leader was backed by some super powers. The crisis in the DRC is also the work of big imperialist powers.

In Cote d`Ivoire since September 2002, Jacques Chirac`s France financed and launched a rebellion against the regime of Laurent Gbagbo. Chirac`s successor, Nicolas Sarkozy did not do things differently. While rebel leaders such as Alassane Ouattara, Guillaume Soro and Blaise Compaore are treated like little princes, the one elected by the people, Laurent Gbagbo, is going through all kinds of pressures and embargos. One wonders if Sarkozy has not lost his mind. He unleashed the same craziness on Libya. In that country, the French president had the courage to acknowledge the rebellion and even granted the rebellion his agreement to open an embassy in its stronghold of Benghazi while the rebellion had not even chased the Libyan guide Kadhafi from power. As soon as Kadhafi organized to crush the rebellion, France rushed to the UN in order to fight the war on behalf of the rebels. One would think that we are in the jungle where there is no place for common sense.

Through their bad actions, France and the United States inspired terrorism which is being seen as a salutary evil able to calm the fieriness of those two powers.

(Description of Source: Abidjan Notre Voie Online in French -- Website of the daily owned by the ruling Ivorian Popular Front and critical of the opposition; URL: http://www.notrevoie.com)

Compiled and distributed by NTIS, US Dept. of Commerce. All rights reserved.

UN Mission Accused of Recruiting Foreign Mercenaries To Fight in Cote d`IvoireInfoscotedivoire.net
Monday, March 28, 2011

In t Unattributed article: “Support to Ouattara`s terrorists: Here Is The Identity of ONUCI`s Mercenaries Involved in The Ivorian Crisis”

In the face of the partiality and exacerbated activism of ONUCI, some elements of this partisan force refusing to back (UN Secretary General`s Representative) Choi`s actions have revealed the identity of the mercenaries their boss recruited in African countries and secretly integrated into the African contingents.

Some soldiers of the UN mission who certainly could no longer bear the lies and injustice on the part of Choi have ended up confirming, with supporting evidence, what peace-loving Ivorians already knew. ONUCI welcomed some mercenaries coming from the sub-region as well as from Zimbabwe and Angola, and discreetly shared them among the various African battalions making up the UN force.

In the composition of this other type of ECOMOG force, Nigeria has the highest number of mercenaries, apart from the 500 already fighting on the Western front on the side of the rebels. According to our sources, these mercenaries are the most heedless of danger when it comes to fighting the Forces of Defense and Security.

The mercenaries and their countries of origin.

The mercenaries who have integrated ONUCI join the camp of their country of origin and those whose countries are not part of ONUCI are shared among the various African contingents.

Thus, within Nigerbat, we have the following five mercenaries: Yetunde Vimbiso, Dupe Cura, Olubumi Egbichi, Chimeza Bosade, and Abebi Bith.

Mercenaries from Benin (seven elements): Ezima Fary ; Eyocotan D`o`ingn, Ekpoti Fatai, Kenhet, Moronique N`gozi Nouiton, Ngonde Njukami, Nnenna and Benika Boutachi.

(Description of Source: Abidjan Infoscotedivoire.net in French -- Website supportive of the Gbagbo government; URL: http://www.infoscotedivoire.net)

Compiled and distributed by NTIS, US Dept. of Commerce. All rights reserved.

Cote d`Ivoire`s Ouattara says AU high-level representative not neutralBBC Monitoring Africa
March 28, 2011

Text of report by UN Mission in Cote d`Ivoire radio ONUCI FM on 28 March

The AU has appointed Jose Brito, the former foreign minister of Cape Verde, as its high representative in Cote d`Ivoire charged with organizing negotiations between the Ivorians sides to settle the country`s deadly post-electoral crisis. Unless the Gbagbo camp approves the decision, the Ouattara camp has rejects the choice of Jose Brito as well as the form and the content of the choice. Here are the reasons for this rejection by Amadou Gon Coulibaly, the secretary general of the presidency.

[Begin recording] [Coulibaly] In the first place, the president of the republic has not been consulted and this is the minimum of things. The principle for this consultation was established with Mr Ping [chairman of the AU Commission].

The second reason is that it has also been decided that the high representative should be a former head of state. But this is not the case, as Mr Brito is but a former foreign minister of Cape Verde. Finally, Mr Brito is well known by Ivorians for his totally personal relations and his political contacts with Mr Gbagbo. He is therefore someone who cannot be neutral enough to handle such an important dossier to a successful end.

[Unidentified correspondent] Can someone who has some personal links with Mr Gbagbo not be able to convince him to cede power peacefully?

[Coulibaly] To us, as things stand, the decision of the AU was made on 10 March. The president of the republic clearly agreed with the implementation of the decisions but Mr Gbagbo and his camp have clearly demonstrated, both through their position and through all the acts that they have undertaken in Cote d`Ivoire that they have rejected the AU`s decision. So, presently, Mr Gbagbo should clearly commit himself to the decisions and accept them so that someone can be designated to come and help in their implementation based on the agreement marked by the president`s acceptance to implement his part of the agreement - Mr Gbagbo`s recognition that the president of the republic was really the president elected by Ivorians. Things must therefore be very clear at this level. [end recording]

Source: ONUCI FM, Abidjan, in French 0800 gmt 28 Mar 11

© 2011 The British Broadcasting Corporation. All Rights Reserved.

UN: Starvation threatens 2 million in drought-hit Somalia

Fri Sep 13, 2019 01:44PM [Updated: Fri Sep 13, 2019 01:52PM ] Home Africa Somalia A newly arrived woman fleeing from the drought...