Wednesday, 31 August 2011

Abuu Mansuur "Mala idin sheegay aniga nafteyda inaan Baydhabo u cararay, kan ma aniga mise waa nin kale"


Sheekh Mukhtaar Roobow Abuu Mansuur oo ka mid ah Saraakiisha sar sare ee Al-Shabaab ayaa beeniyay wararka sheegaya in Saraakiisha Al-Shabaab ay ka carareen dalka, isagoo khudbad shalay ka jeediyay Salaadii Ciida oo boqolaal ruux kula dukaday deegaanada Calamada ee Duleedka Muqdisho.

Abuu Mansuur oo la haldayay boqolaalka ruux salaadii Ciida kadib ayaa sheegay in aanu jirin carar, isagoo xusay in meelo la isugu qeybiyay, waxaana uu soo qaatay hadalo beryahan la sheegayay oo ahaa in qudhiisa uu u cararay Baydhabo.

"Horta ma la idin sheegay Muqdisho waa laga cararay ayaa la yiri, aniga xataa waxaa ley dhahay Baydhabo ayuu u cararay, kan ma aniga mise waa mid kale, wax carar la yiraahdo ma jiro, kaliya meel un baa la isku qeybiyay, inshaa allaah Guusha waa soo dhowdahay"ayuu yiri Abuu Mansuuur oo dhoola cadeynayay.

Abuu Mansuur ayaa sidoo kale tilmaamay in Meles Zenawi Ra'iisul Wasaaraha Itoobiya uu doonayo inuu dib boorka isaga jafo oo uu ku soo laabto dalka Soomaaliya, isagoo xusay inay quusineyanaa.

"Meles Zenawi maa dhahayay dib baa boorka isaga jafaaye, waa laabanaa, mar kalaa ku soo quusanaa, ee ma quusineysaan"ayuu yiri Abuu Mansuur oo dadka ka qaxay Muqdisho ku tilmaamay kuwo qeyb ka qaatay dagaalkii Itoobiya.

Sidoo kale Abuu Mansuur ayaa ugu baaqay Ciidamada loo yaqaano Xizbada ee sida Booliska oo kale u howl gala inay shacabka u turaan, isla markaana u dulqaadaan, isagoo qiray inay jiraan qaladaad dhankooda ah.


"Waxaa leeyahay Ciidamada Xisbada ee dadka ku dhex jira, haloo turo, soo dhoweeya, ogaada waa kuwii idinla diririyay amxaaro, ee biyaha iyo caanaha, iyo rasaasta idin keenay, hada maa Ugaandeska raacisaan maxaa sugeysaan"ayuu mar kale yiri.

"Umadeena baa tihiin noo sabra, hadaan gaf-gafeyno aan wax haleyneyno, inaan wax hagaajina rabnaa, mar mar ayay wax naga halaabaan, hanoola dulqaato, inta wanaagsan hala fiiriyo, inta haleysan yaan la fiirin waan saxeynaa"ayuu yiri Abuu Mansuur oo qirayay inay jiraan qaladaad dhankooda ah.

Hadalka Abuu Mansuur ka jeediyay deegaanada loo barakacay ee uu shalay Salaadii Ciida ku dukaday ayaa imaanaya xilli Saraakiisha Al-Shabaab ay shaaciyeen in xeelad dagaal uga baxeen, aagagii Magaalada Muqdisho.

Madaxweyne Shariif: Waxa jira hayado iyo ururo badan oo wada shaqaynta ka soo hor jeedaan



 
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WARSAXAAFADEED
(Muqdisho, Soomaliya,31,Agoosto ,2011) Madaxweynaha Jamhuriyada Soomaliya Mudane Sharif Sh. Axmed ayaa xafiiskiisa ku qaabilyay wafuud uu hogaaminyayo madaxa guud ee hayada UNHCR Mudane António Guterres.
Madaxa UNHCR António Guterres ayaa sheegtay in booqashadiisha magaalada Muqdisho ay tahay mid uu ku muujinayo taageeradiisa uu la garab tagan yahay shacabka iyo dowlada Soomaliya. António Guterres ayaa sheegay in wakiilkiisa jooga Nairobi uu u soo rarayso magaalada Muqdisho maadaama ay muhiim tahay in hayadaha gar-gaarka ah ay si toos ah ula shaqeeyaan dowlada, sidoo kale mudane António ayaa sheegay in UNHCR ay ku taageerayso qibrateeda dowlada Soomaliya si loo caawiyo dadka barakacayaasha ah ee jooga wadanka gudihiisa.
Madaxweynaha ayaa sheegay in ay muhiim tahay in laga hortagaa wax-yaabaha keenaya in ay dadku barakacaan si loo helo xal waara.
Sidoo kale Madaxweynaha ayaa u sheegay madaxa UNHCR in loo baahanyahay barnaamijyo ka shaqeeya mustaqbalka barakacayaasha “Waa inaan laga fakarin oo kaliya dhibka (macaluusha) hada taagan, balse laga fakaraa mustaqbalka barakacayaasha, dib-u dagin tooda, horumarkooda iyo hanaanka nabada iyo dowladnimoda si loo cirib-tiro macaluusha iyo dhibaatada aan dhamaadka lahayn” ayuu yiri Madxweynahu.
Madaxweyne Sharif ayaa sheegay in hayado iyo ururo badan ay wada shaqaynta ka soo hor jeedaan maadaama aysan rabin in lala xisaabtamo, laakin waxaa muhiin ah in xisaabtan uu dhaco si shacbka
dhibaataysan ay u helaan wixii loogu talagalay.
- Dhamaad –
Waxaa  qoraalkaan iyo sawiradaba nasoo gaarsiiyey
Suldan A. Farahseed
Communication Office
Office of the Somali President
Mogadishu, Somalia

Muxuu ku Dhamaadey Safarkii Shaqo ee uu Raysalwasaaraha Soomaaliya Prof. C/wali Gaas ku yimid Gobalka Mudug



 
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Raysalwasare Cabdiwali Maxamed Cali iyo Islaan Bashiir Islaan Cabdile Islaan Faarax Islaan Aadan oo is gacan qaadaya
Gaalkacyo: Raysalwasaaraha DFKMG ah ee Soomaaliya Prof. C/wali Maxamed Cali Gaas iyo wafti balaaran oo uu hogaaminayo ayaa shalay (Talaado 30-Agoosto-2011) duhurnimadii soo gaarey magaalada Gaalkacyo ee xarunta Gobalka Mudug halkaas oo si heer qaran ah loogu soo dhaweeyey. Raysalwasaaraha waxaa waheliyey Dhanka Federaalka Wasiirka Waxbarashada Prof. Axmed Caydiid, Wasiirka Caafimaadka Dr. C/casiis Shiikh Yuuusf, Wasiir ku xigeenka Waxbarashada, Wasiiru dowlaha Difaaca, Wasiiru dowlaha dibu dhiska , Madaxa Xafiiska Raysalwasaaraha Burhaan Diyomiyo, Madaxa Baratakoolka, dhanka Puntland waxa safarkiisa ku waheliyey Wasiirka Caafimaadka Dr. Cali C/laahi Warsame, Wasiirka Amniga Col. Khaliif Ciise Mudan,Wasiirka Dhalinayrada, Wasiirku ku xigeenka Amniga, Wasiir ku xigeenka Arimaha Gudaha Cali Yuusuf Cali Xoosh iyo xubno kale.
Raysalwasaaraha iyo Waftigiisa oo Salaada Ciida ku tukaday Masaajid Buurtinle ku yaala
Soodhaweyntii Raysalwasaaraha Degmooyinka Buurtinle iyo Xarfo:
Raysalwasaare C/wali Maxamed Cali iyo waftiga balaaran ee uu hogaaminayo waxaa si diiran degmada ugu soo dahweeyey  maamulka iyo Odayaasha degmada Burtinl. Waftiga raysalwasaaruhu waxay shalay la tukadeen Shacabka Buurtinle Salaadii Ciida kadibna waftiga raysalwasaaruhu waxay booqdeen Isbitaalka Buurtinle oo ah Isbitaal aan dhamaystirnayn ayna dhisteen shacabka Buurtinle oo taageero u qareemid ah ka helayay Wasaaradda Caafimaadka, Isbitaalka ayaa la tusay qaybihiisa raysalwasaaraha waxaana Isbitaalku uu yahay mid aan wali shaqo xoog leh qaban. Wasaaradda Caafimaadka ayaa dhawaan furtey Isbitaalka kuna wareejisay daawo. Wasiirka Caafimaadka Puntland Dr.Cali C/laahi ayaa raysalwasaaraha u sheegay in Isbitaalkan ay dhisteen shacabka degmada Buurtinle ee miyiga iyo magaalada aysana jirin cid kale oo gacan ka gaysatey, wasiirku waxa uu sheegay in ay u heleen dhakhtar kasoo qalan jabiyey Dalka China oo la yiraahdo Dr.Farxaan Bashiir. Odayaasha iyo Waxgaradka Buurtinle ayaa raysalwasaaruhu la kulmay waxayna ka codsadeen inuu wax kala qabto Caafimaadka , Waxbarashada, Biyaha iyo daminta Colaad dhawr sano ka aloosan Cagaare oo ku yaal Xadka Kilirka shanaad degmada Buutinle la wadaagto, colaadaas oo u dhaxaysa Beelo walaalo ah oo aan sina u kala maarmin balse dagaal dhul daaqsin ka bilowdey dhexmaray. Odayaashu waxay raysalwasaaraha u sheegeen in colaadaasi daminteeda lagu guuldareystey shacab iyo dowladba dabadeedna Itoobiya oo iyana soo faragalisay ay wax ka qaban wayday dadkuna wali ay islaynayaan. Raysalwasaaruhu waxa uu odayaasha u sheegay inay baahidooda qadarin doonaan ayna isku dayi doonaan inay wax qabtaan xaalada wadanka Soomaaliya guud ahaan

Libya: A Premature Victory Celebration


Libya: A Premature Victory Celebration

By George Friedman
The war in Libya is over. More precisely, governments and media have decided that the war is over, despite the fact that fighting continues. The unfulfilled expectation of this war has consistently been that Moammar Gadhafi would capitulate when faced with the forces arrayed against him, and that his own forces would abandon him as soon as they saw that the war was lost. What was being celebrated last week, with presidents, prime ministers and the media proclaiming the defeat of Gadhafi, will likely be true in due course. The fact that it is not yet true does not detract from the self-congratulations.
For example, Italian Foreign Minister Franco Frattini reported that only 5 percent of Libya is still under Gadhafi’s control. That seems like a trivial amount, save for this news from Italian newspaper La Stampa, which reported that “Tripoli is being cleaned up” neighborhood by neighborhood, street by street and home by home. Meanwhile, bombs from above are pounding Sirte, where, according to the French, Gadhafi has managed to arrive, although it is not known how. The strategically important town of Bali Walid — another possible hiding place and one of only two remaining exit routes to another Gadhafi stronghold in Sabha — is being encircled.
To put it differently, Gadhafi’s forces still retain military control of substantial areas. There is house-to-house fighting going on in Tripoli. There are multiple strongholds with sufficient defensive strength that forces cannot enter them without significant military preparation. Although Gadhafi’s actual location is unknown, his capture is the object of substantial military preparations, including NATO airstrikes, around Bali Walid, Sirte and Sabha. When Saddam Hussein was captured, he was hiding in a hole in the ground, alone and without an army. Gadhafi is still fighting and posing challenges. The war is not over.
It could be argued that while Gadhafi retains a coherent military force and significant territory, he no longer governs Libya. That is certainly true and significant, but it will become more significant when his enemies do take control of the levers of power. It is unreasonable to expect that they should be in a position to do so a few days after entering Tripoli and while fighting continues. But it does raise a critical question: whether the rebels have sufficient coherence to form an effective government or whether new rounds of fighting among Libyans can be expected even after Gadhafi’s forces cease functioning. To put it simply, Gadhafi appears to be on his way to defeat but he is not there yet, and the ability of his enemies to govern Libya is doubtful.

Immaculate Intervention


Given that the dying is far from over, it is interesting to consider why Barack Obama, Nicolas Sarkozy and David Cameron, the major players in this war, all declared last week that Gadhafi had fallen, implying an end to war, and why the media proclaimed the war’s end. To understand this, it is important to understand how surprising the course of the war was to these leaders. From the beginning, there was an expectation that NATO intervention, first with a no-fly zone, then with direct airstrikes on Gadhafi’s position, would lead to a rapid collapse of his government and its replacement with a democratic coalition in the east.
Two forces combined to lead to this conclusion. The first consisted of human-rights groups outside governments and factions in foreign ministries and the State Department who felt an intervention was necessary to stop the pending slaughter in Benghazi. This faction had a serious problem. The most effective way to quickly end a brutal regime was military intervention. However, having condemned the American invasion of Iraq, which was designed, at least in part, to get rid of a brutal regime, this faction found it difficult to justify rapid military intervention on the ground in Libya. Moral arguments require a degree of consistency.
In Europe, the doctrine of “soft power” has become a central doctrine. In the case of Libya, finding a path to soft power was difficult. Sanctions and lectures would probably not stop Gadhafi, but military action ran counter to soft power. What emerged was a doctrine of soft military power. Instituting a no-fly zone was a way to engage in military action without actually hurting anyone, except those Libyan pilots who took off. It satisfied the need to distinguish Libya from Iraq by not invading and occupying Libya but still putting crushing pressure on Gadhafi.
Of course, a no-fly zone proved ineffective and irrelevant, and the French began bombing Gadhafi’s forces the same day. Libyans on the ground were dying, but not British, French or American soldiers. While the no-fly zone was officially announced, this segue to an air campaign sort of emerged over time without a clear decision point. For human-rights activists, this kept them from addressing the concern that airstrikes always cause unintended deaths because they are never as accurate as one might like. For the governments, it allowed them to be seen as embarking upon what I have called an “immaculate intervention.”
The second force that liked this strategy was the various air forces involved. There is no question of the importance of air power in modern war, but there is a constant argument over whether the application of air power by itself can achieve desired political ends without the commitment of ground forces. For the air community, Libya was going to be the place where it could demonstrate its effectiveness in achieving such ends.
So the human-rights advocates could focus on the ends — protecting Libyan civilians in Benghazi — and pretend that they had not just advocated the commencement of a war that would itself leave many people dead. Political leaders could feel that they were not getting into a quagmire but simply undertaking a clean intervention. The air forces could demonstrate their utility in delivering desired political outcomes.

Why and How


The question of the underlying reason for the war should be addressed because stories are circulating that oil companies are competing for vast sums of money in Libya. These stories are all reasonable, in the sense that the real story remains difficult to fathom, and I sympathize with those who are trying to find a deep conspiracy to explain all of this. I would like to find one, too. The problem is that going to war for oil in Libya was unnecessary. Gadhafi loved selling oil, and if the governments involved told him quietly that they were going to blow him up if he didn’t make different arrangements on who got the oil revenues and what royalties he got to keep, Gadhafi would have made those arrangements. He was as cynical as they come, and he understood the subtle idea that shifting oil partners and giving up a lot of revenue was better than being blown up.
Indeed, there is no theory out there that explains this war by way of oil, simply because it was not necessary to actually to go war to get whatever concessions were wanted. So the story — protecting people in Benghazi from slaughter — is the only rational explanation for what followed, however hard it is to believe.
It must also be understood that given the nature of modern air warfare, NATO forces in small numbers had to be inserted on the ground from the beginning — actually, at least a few days before the beginning of the air campaign. Accurately identifying targets and taking them out with sufficient precision involves highly skilled special-operations teams guiding munitions to those targets. The fact that there have been relatively few friendly-fire accidents indicates that standard operational procedures have been in place.
These teams were probably joined by other special operators who trained — and in most cases informally led — indigenous forces in battle. There were ample reports in the early days of the war that special operations teams were on the ground conducting weapons training and organizing the fighters who opposed Gadhafi.
But there proved to be two problems with this approach. First, Gadhafi did not fold his tent and capitulate. He seemed singularly unimpressed by the force he was facing. Second, his troops turned out to be highly motivated and capable, at least compared to their opponents. Proof of this can be found in the fact that they did not surrender en masse, they did maintain a sufficient degree of unit coherence and — the final proof — they held out for six months and are still holding out. The view of human-rights groups that an isolated tyrant would break in the face of the international community, the view of political leaders that an isolated tyrant facing the might of NATO’s air forces would collapse in days and the view of the air forces that air strikes would shatter resistance, all turned out to be false.

A War Prolonged


Part of this was due to a misunderstanding of the nature of Libyan politics. Gadhafi was a tyrant, but he was not completely isolated. He had enemies but he also had many supporters who benefitted from him or at least believed in his doctrines. There was also a general belief among ordinary government soldiers (some of whom are mercenaries from the south) that capitulation would lead to their slaughter, and the belief among government leaders that surrender meant trials in The Hague and terms in prison. The belief of the human-rights community in an International Criminal Court (ICC) trying Gadhafi and the men around him gives them no room for retreat, and men without room for retreat fight hard and to the end. There was no way to negotiate capitulation unless the U.N. Security Council itself publicly approved the deal. The winks and nods that got dictators to leave in the old days aren’t enough anymore. All countries that are party to the Rome Statute are required to turn a leader like Gadhafi over to the ICC for trial.
Therefore, unless the U.N. Security Council publicly strikes a deal with Gadhafi, which would be opposed by the human-rights community and would become ugly, Gadhafi will not give up — and neither will his troops. There were reports last week that some government soldiers had been executed. True or not, fair or not, that would not be a great motivator for surrender.
The war began with the public mission of protecting the people of Benghazi. This quickly morphed into a war to unseat Gadhafi. The problem was that between the ideological and the military aims, the forces dedicated to the war were insufficient to execute the mission. We do not know how many people were killed in the fighting in the past six months, but pursuing the war using soft military power in this way certainly prolonged the war and likely caused many deaths, both military and civilian.
After six months, NATO got tired, and we wound up with the assault on Tripoli. The assault appears to have consisted of three parts. The first was the insertion of NATO special operations troops (in the low hundreds, not thousands) who, guided by intelligence operatives in Tripoli, attacked and destabilized the government forces in the city. The second part was an information operation in which NATO made it appear that the battle was over. The bizarre incident in which Gadhafi’s son, Seif al-Islam, announced as being captured only to show up in an SUV looking very un-captured, was part of this game. NATO wanted it to appear that the leadership had been reduced and Gadhafi’s forces broken to convince those same forces to capitulate. Seif al-Islam’s appearance was designed to signal his troops that the war was still on.
Following the special operations strikes and the information operations, western rebels entered the city to great fanfare, including celebratory gunfire into the air. The world’s media chronicled the end of the war as the special operations teams melted away and the victorious rebels took the bows. It had taken six months, but it was over.
And then it became obvious that it wasn’t over. Five percent of Libya — an interesting calculation — was not liberated. Street fighting in Tripoli continued. Areas of the country were still under Gadhafi’s control. And Gadhafi himself was not where his enemies wanted him to be. The war went on.
A number of lessons emerge from all this. First, it is important to remember that Libya in itself may not be important to the world, but it matters to Libyans a great deal. Second, do not assume that tyrants lack support. Gadhafi didn’t govern Libya for 42 years without support. Third, do not assume that the amount of force you are prepared to provide is the amount of force needed. Fourth, eliminating the option of a negotiated end to the war by the means of international courts may be morally satisfying, but it causes wars to go on and casualties to mount. It is important to decide what is more important — to alleviate the suffering of people or to punish the guilty. Sometimes it is one or the other. Fifth, and most important, do not kid the world about wars being over. After George W. Bush flew onto an aircraft carrier that was emblazoned with a “mission accomplished” banner, the Iraq war became even more violent, and the damage to him was massive. Information operations may be useful in persuading opposing troops to surrender, but political credibility bleeds away when the war is declared over and the fighting goes on.
Gadhafi will likely fall in the end. NATO is more powerful than he is, and enough force will be brought to bear to bring him down. The question, of course, is whether there was another way to accomplish that with less cost and more yield. Leaving aside the war-for-oil theory, if the goal was to protect Benghazi and bring down Gadhafi, greater force or a negotiated exit with guarantees against trials in The Hague would likely have worked faster with less loss of life than the application of soft military power.
As the world contemplates the situation in Syria, this should be borne in mind.


Read more: Libya: A Premature Victory Celebration | STRATFOR

Petraeus retires from US military ahead of CIA post

Gen David Petraeus Gen David Petraeus is scheduled to take over as the director of the CIA next week

Related Stories

Gen David Petraeus, the former US commander of Nato troops in Afghanistan, has formally retired from the armed forces as he prepares to take over as CIA director.
Gen Petraeus oversaw last year's surge of US troops to Afghanistan before handing overto Gen John Allen in July.
Tributes have been paid to him at a ceremony at the Fort Myer US army post in Virginia to mark his retirement.
Gen Petraeus will take over at the helm of the CIA on 6 September.
Admiral Mike Mullen, chairman of the US chiefs of staff, hailed Gen Petraeus' service during the ceremony on Wednesday, saying: "When it comes to the art of impossible there's Gen Dave Petraeus and then there's everybody else."
"Quite simply, Gen Dave Petraeus set the gold standard for command in the modern era," Adm Mullen added.
Considered one of America's most influential military officers, the four-star general spent 37 years in the armed forces.
Gen Petraeus solidified his reputation after taking over in Iraq during a critical period in 2007.
He then took over in Afghanistan in July 2010 after the resignation of Gen Stanley McChrystal.

The mystery of Sri Lanka's 'grease devils'


Mrs Tuan Mrs Faris imitates the loping gait of the "grease devil" intruder.
A few nights ago Tuan Mohamed Saleh Nona Faris heard a rustling outside her house and saw a shadow move.
"He looked like a gorilla, he was completely covered in black from top to toe. I couldn't see his face or hands," the elderly lady in the west coast fishing district of Puttalam said.
She believes the intruder was one of Sri Lanka's notorious "grease devils".
Over the last few weeks large swathes of the country have been gripped by a fear of nocturnal prowlers who have frequented rural areas assaulting women at night.
The media and the public were swift to dub the intruders "grease devils". This is an old caricature referring to malevolent men who smear themselves in grease to avoid being caught.
But this wave of violence has spawned a series of brutal retaliatory vigilante attacks. People have been killed, there have been arrests by the hundred and tanks have been deployed.
There are conspiracy theories: villagers blame the security forces for launching and even fostering the grease devil assaults. They deny the charges, but violence has continued unabated.
It is a confusing situation in a febrile atmosphere - and no-one has got closer to working out who is actually behind the wave of assaults.
And there appears to be an ethnic dimension too: almost always, those reporting attacks from "grease devils" have been Muslim or Tamil rather than from the majority Sinhalese community.
Blood ritual?
Some of the descriptions of the intruders seem to merge fact with fantasy.

Start Quote

To catch them, you'd need springs on your feet”
End Quote Villager in Puttalam
Meeting us at her home, Mrs Faris, who is a Muslim, seems edgy. After all, in Puttalam over the last few days a policeman has been lynched and villagers shot.
She called her son, who attacked the mystery intruder with a stick. It broke in two. They chased him but he leapt over the compound fence and escaped, apparently by motorbike.
A male neighbour said there had been 12 such incidents within the past week. "To catch them, you'd need springs on your feet," he said.
There is ambiguity about the nature of these intruders. Mrs Faris says she is afraid because of stories that some criminals are seeking female blood for ritual purposes. A government minister says that in some places people attribute "bionic" or superhuman powers to the intruders.
Funeral in Puttalam of murdered policeman At the funeral of the lynched policeman black smoke billowed high as tyres were burnt.
But these two villagers largely reject outlandish explanations. "He looks like a gorilla but he's a man," says Mrs Faris.
In Puttalam shops were closed and white flags fluttered in tribute to a 23-year-old traffic policeman lynched by a mob who accused the police of harbouring a "devil." In reality this was apparently a drunken fisherman he had apprehended.
But on street corners, tanks are now deployed with soldiers carrying AK-47 rifles.
When people demonstrated in Mrs Faris's village and burnt a police motorbike, they were shot at, allegedly by the police. Her two grandsons are injured and in hospital. More than 30 other young men have been arrested.
Lynching and vigilantes
People have tended to blame the security forces for sheltering those they insist are criminals. Typically they say the intruder is seen running to a military or police compound for refuge.
In the central highlands, two outsiders have been lynched. On Friday a 16-year-old boy was shot dead "over alleged suspicious behaviour", according to a local website. In the north, 95 people accused of vigilantism were arrested and some - reportedly - so badly beaten that they were sent to hospital.

Start Quote

premasiri
The Muslim people have left - they're afraid - I feel for them because it's their holy month, it's their festival”
End Quote T Premasiri
In the east many people say they have been stabbed, nearly strangled, sexually assaulted or otherwise injured by the "devils".
Campaigners for women's rights told a meeting in Colombo that in the east, women and girls have been attacked outdoors. They are now afraid to stay out late and some men, not wanting to leave them alone, have stopped going out to work.
"A prevailing sense of fear is pervading all these areas," said Sepali Kottegoda of the Women and Media Collective.
Equally concerned, the defence secretary Gotabhaya Rajapaksa held a meeting with Muslim imams flown in from the east.
He sternly warned of "maximum punishment" for anyone taking the law into their own hands.
But, speaking to the BBC, some imams were critical of the military and its allegedly vengeful behaviour.
Soured relations
The "grease devils" affair remains a mystery. Some insist it is some kind of government plot; others believe it is a spike in crime - or a figment of people's imagination.
puttalam Shops had shut across the town of Puttalam after the lynching of the policeman
But it has soured social relations.
At the funeral of the lynched policeman black smoke billows as tyres are burnt. A military helicopter hovers overhead as crowds of Sinhalese mourners demonstrate against the police's failure to protect one of their own. Some chant anti-Muslim slogans.
But back in Mrs Faris's village, the atmosphere is different - sympathy across the ethnic divide.
A lot of the arrested youths come from there. One of the few people we see is a young carpenter, T Premasiri, whose family is one of only five Sinhalese ones with more than 300 Muslim families as neighbours.
He is sympathetic to his Muslim friends: "The Muslim people have left - they're afraid."
"I feel for them because it's their holy month, it's their festival. They can't even eat. And even if they cook I don't think they will be in the mood to eat."

Israel trains settlers to confront Palestinian protest

Har Homa settlement 2010 Talks between the two sides are stalled over continued building of settlements in the West Bank
The Israeli army has said it is training Jewish settlers in the West Bank to repel violent protest.
The move comes ahead of anticipated protests by Palestinians when they make a bid for separate statehood at the United Nations in September.
The campaign for recognition is opposed by Israel and officials fear the bid could revive violence.
Settler officials denied a newspaper report that suggested settlers would be equipped with tear gas.
Haaretz said the military had been training settlement security chiefs and their teams and giving them tear gas and stun grenades.
In a written statement, the Israeli army said it was "devoting great efforts to training local forces and preparing them to deal with any possible scenario".
Stalled talks
Drills among dozens of civil defence teams have reportedly been stepped up and the Israeli military is being prepared for possible violent protests too.
According to Reuters, scenarios include protesters reaching the gates of settlements and possible confrontations.
Israel has long permitted settlers to carry weapons but Jewish settler groups have insisted any use of firearms would be for defensive purposes only.
"Certainly during a period of tension, with intelligence reports of possible threats, of course readiness crews are being trained," Danny Dayan, chairman of the settlers' Yesha Council told Reuters in a telephone interview.
He said that armed settlers operated under Israeli army orders to avoid killing civilians.
Palestinians and human rights groups say settlers have used weapons to attack Palestinians and that Israel has been lax in investigating such incidents.
The President of the Palestinian Authority, Mahmoud Abbas, has said that September's debate on Palestinian statehood at the UN General Assembly will put pressure on Israel to negotiate a final peace deal, but Israel says it will have the opposite effect.
Direct talks between the Palestinians and Israelis are currently stalled over the Palestinian refusal to take part while the Israeli government continues to build settlements in the West Bank.
The settlements are considered illegal under international law, though Israel disputes this. Israel has occupied the West Bank since 1967, and annexed East Jerusalem, a move not recognised by the international community.
More than 500,000 Jewish settlers live in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, among a Palestinian population of about 2.5 million.
BBC Map of Jerusalem

Bahrain unrest: Teenager dies after protest

Bahraini youths protest against the government on the outskirts of Bahrain (29 August 2011) Small-scale clashes between security forces and demonstrators have become a near nightly event
A teenage boy has died after being hit by a tear-gas canister fired by Bahraini security forces trying to disperse a protest, activists say.
Ali Jawad Ahmed, 14, was among a small crowd who had gathered overnight in the village of Sitra, said the Bahrain Youth Society for Human Rights.
The group said security forces personnel had used "excessive force".
A police official told the state news agency that the incident was being investigated but gave no other details.
"There was no reported police action against law-breakers... at the time the boy's death was reported, except dispersing a small group of around 10 people at 01:15," BNA quoted the official as saying.
Isa Hassan, the teenager's uncle, said police officers had overreacted when confronted by a small group of protesters. He said the tear gas canister was fired from about 7m (21ft) away, directly at the crowd.
"They are supposed to lob the canisters of gas, not shoot them at people," he said at the funeral, according to the Associated Press. "Police used it as a weapon."
One activist told the BBC that Ahmed was hit in the face by the canister. The Bahrain Youth Society for Human Rights published a photograph showing the boy with blood seeping from his mouth.
More than 30 people have been killed in Bahrain since protests began in February, with the island's Shia majority demanding political, social and economic reforms from the Sunni royal family.
In mid-March, King Hamad Al Khalifa called in troops from neighbouring Sunni Gulf states to crush the dissent and imposed a state of emergency.
Small-scale clashes between security forces and demonstrators have become a near nightly event since emergency rule was lifted in June.

Triple suicide bombing kills police in Chechnya on Eid

Sappers work at the scene of one of the bomb blasts in Grozny, 31 August Sappers checked the area after the blasts

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A triple suicide bomb attack has killed six police officers and two other people in the Chechen capital Grozny where Muslims are celebrating Eid.
A further 22 people were injured, five of them seriously, in the bombing late on Tuesday, Russian prosecutors said.
It appears the bombers used the first blast to lure police to the scene before setting off other explosives.
Correspondents say the attack is a reminder that the region in Russia's North Caucasus is far from stable.
Russian prosecutors released a statement naming two of the attackers as young Chechen men, aged 22 and 21.
No militant group said it had ordered the attacks.
Celebration day
It appears that all three attackers allowed themselves to be arrested before setting off their bombs.
The blasts took place in a densely populated district of Grozny, some 50m (yds) from a local parliament building.
Map
The attack came as people in the predominantly Muslim republic celebrated Eid al-Fitr, the feast which marks the end of the Ramadan fast.
Chechnya's Kremlin-backed leader Ramzan Kadyrov said the attackers had chosen "the most sacred day for all Muslims" and "shown their real faces".
A spokesman for Mr Kadyrov, Alvi Karimov, said that as a result of the attack: "Thousands of people are shedding tears instead of celebrating."
An emergency official and a civilian were among those killed by the three bombers.
Last year, Moscow declared victory against Chechen separatists and there has been a relative lull in the violence under Mr Kadyrov.
But the whole North Caucasus is seeing an insurgency led by Islamist rebels, correspondents say.

China jails two more Tibetan monks over fire death

Funeral of monk who set himself on fire, at Kirti monastery on 19 March 2011 (Image: Free Tibet) Image from Free Tibet of funeral at Kirti monastery on 19 March for Phuntsog, who set himself on fire

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A Chinese court has sentenced two Tibetan monks to prison over the death of a fellow monk who set himself on fire in an apparent protest.
Chinese authorities say the man, Rigzin Phuntsog of the Kirti monastery, immolated himself on 16 March.
Tsering Tenzin and Tenchum will be jailed for 13 and 10 years respectively for "intentional homicide", Xinhua news agency said.
On Monday, the court jailed another monk for 11 years over the death.
Drongdru, Phuntsog's uncle, is accused of hiding him after he set himself on fire and depriving him of medical attention for 11 hours. The exact circumstances surrounding the monk's death remain unclear.
The latest verdicts come as the US questioned whether China had followed its own legal standards in the case.
"We urge Chinese leaders to address policies in Tibetan areas that have created tension and to protect Tibetans' unique linguistic, cultural and religious identity," a state department statement said.
Crackdown
The incident happened in March in Sichuan province's Aba county, where there is a large ethnic Tibetan community.
There is disagreement about how the monk died.
China map
At the time, Tibetan rights groups reported that witnesses saw police put out the flames, then begin beating the monk, at which point monks and local people took him to the monastery before taking him to hospital some hours later.
After Phuntsog's death protests were then reported in the area around the monastery, followed by a heavy security presence.
Rights groups accused the government of shutting the monks in the monastery and forcing them to take part in compulsory "patriotic education".
In March 2008, Tibet witnessed a wave of violent anti-China protests - its worst unrest in 20 years.
China responded to the unrest with a military crackdown, including in areas like Aba which are outside Tibet but have a large ethnic Tibetan population.

The Tibet Divide

  • China says Tibet was always part of its territory
  • Tibet had long periods of autonomy before 20th Century
  • 1950: China launches military assault
  • 1959: Uprising against Chinese rule defeated; Dalai Lama flees to India
  • Dalai Lama now advocates a "middle way" with Beijing, seeking autonomy but not independence
Many Tibetans have complained about the growing domination of China's majority Han population in Tibet and accuse the government of trying to dilute their culture.
But China says it has invested heavily in Tibet and has generated significant improvements in people's living standards.
There have been a number of incidents of monks setting themselves on fire to protest against Beijing's rule.
Earlier this month, a 29-year-old Tibetan monk burned himself to death in another town Sichuan.
Activists said the monk, whom they named as Tsewang Norbu, had shouted slogans including "We Tibetan people want freedom" and "Long live the Dalai Lama" before setting himself alight.

Japanese and South Korean factory outputs slow in July

Workers at a factory in Japan Auto and electronics manufacturing are among the biggest businesses in Japan and South Korea
Manufacturing activity in two of Asia's biggest economies has slowed raising fresh concerns about global economic recovery faltering.
Factory output in Japan rose 0.6% in July, compared with the previous month, much lower than the 3.8% increase in June.
Meanwhile, South Korea's output fell 0.4% in July from the previous month.
Manufacturing activity in two of Asia's leading exporters is a key indicator of the health of the global economy.
"The data reflects the slowing pace of recovery in the global economy, which is impacting exports," said Goh You Sun of Daewoo Securities.
Lower expectations?
There have been growing concerns that the US could be slipping back into recession and growth in Europe may slow because of the EU's debt crisis.
Asia's export-dependent economies rely heavily on demand from these two key markets to boost their growth.
Analysts said that as growth in two of the world's biggest economic zones slows, demand for the region's goods is likely to fall and that will hurt manufacturing activity.

Start Quote

Domestic demand is broadly linked to exports here and looks like it is slowing a bit, considering tightening moves on household lending”
End Quote Kim Hyo-Jin Dongbu Securities
"I think it is time to lower our expectations on exports given the widened volatility in markets and concerns over another recession," said Kim Hyo-Jin of Dongbu Securities.
Unique problems
While falling demand from American and European export markets has been a common factor for Japanese and South Korean manufacturers, they have also been hurt by problems within their own economies.
Japan's factories have had to deal with power shortages in the wake of the damage caused to the country's infrastructure by the earthquake and tsunami earlier this year.
They have also been hurt by a strengthening Yen, which has made Japanese goods more expensive to foreign buyers.
On the other hand, South Korean manufacturers have been dealt a double blow by sluggish domestic demand.
Surging household debt and rising consumer prices has seen the Bank of Korea raise the cost of borrowing three times this year, a move that analysts say has hurt demand.
"Domestic demand is broadly linked to exports here and looks like it is slowing a bit, considering tightening moves on household lending," said Dongbu Securities' Mr Kim.

Kenya post-election violence: ICC rejects appeal

Clashes in the Mathare slum in Nairobi in January 2008 Some 1,200 people were killed in violence after the 2007 elections

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The International Criminal Court has rejected an appeal by Kenya's government to stop it putting on trial six people accused of links to 2008 post-election violence.
The six include the deputy prime minister, two former ministers and an ex-police chief.
They are accused of murder, deportations and persecutions by ICC chief prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo.
Some 1,200 died and more than 500,000 fled their homes in the violence.
The case is now due to open on Thursday.
In the peace deal that followed in early 2008 it was agreed that those accused of crimes would face justice in Kenya or at the ICC in The Hague.
After Kenyan MPs blocked moves to set up a local tribunal, the ICC's chief prosecutor named the six high-profile Kenyans in December 2010.
Eight months on, Kenya's government failed to convince a majority of the ICC judges that it had now started its own investigations into the violence.
One judge did, however, side with Kenya in its last-ditch effort to get the case abandoned.

ICC Suspects

Kibaki allies
  • Uhuru Kenyatta, deputy PM and finance minister
  • Francis Kirimi Muthaura, secretary to the cabinet
  • Mohammed Hussein Ali, former police chief
Odinga allies
  • Henry Kosgey, former minister for industrialisation
  • William Ruto, former education minister
  • Joshua Arap Sang, radio executive
Mr Ruto has since fallen out with Mr Odinga
BBC East Africa correspondent Will Ross says the Kenyan judiciary is being reformed but most Kenyans still prefer the ICC option as people simply do not believe these senior politicians would face a fair trial at home.
The accused were all senior allies of President Mwai Kibaki or his election rival Raila Odinga, now prime minister.
However, one of the accused - former Higher Education Minister William Ruto - has since fallen out with Mr Odinga and says he will contest presidential elections due next year.
He was sacked last week.
Henry Kosgey - another former minister - and radio executive Joshua Arap Sang are also accused of organising attacks on supporters of Mr Kibaki, especially in the Rift Valley.
Deputy Prime Minister Uhuru Kenyatta, head of the Civil Service Francis Muthaura and former police chief Mohammed Hussein Ali are accused of mobilising pro-Kibaki militias to attack people seen as supporters of Mr Odinga.
Kenya's government has been lobbying for the cases to be dropped - a position endorsed in February by the African Union.

Nigeria UN bomb: 'Al-Qaeda-linked' man named as suspect

People injured in the bombing of the UN building in Abuja are treated in hospital, 28 August 2011 Dozens of people were injured in the attack on the UN

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A man with alleged links to al-Qaeda is suspected of being behind the bombing of the UN headquarters in Abuja, Nigerian officials say.
A secret police statement said the man belonged to Islamist group Boko Haram and had recently returned from Somalia.
It said two other Boko Haram suspects had been arrested on 21 August, five days before the bomb, following a warning of attacks in the capital.
Friday's suicide car bombing killed 23 people and wounded more than 80.
Boko Haram, which is fighting for the establishment of Sharia law in Nigeria, has claimed responsibility for the attack.
The group is alleged to have had contacts with al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, which operates in North Africa, and al-Shabab in Somalia.
"Investigation has revealed that one Mamman Nur, a notorious Boko Haram element with al-Qaeda links who returned recently from Somalia, working in concert with the two (arrested) suspects masterminded the attack on the United Nations building in Abuja," said the secret police statement.
It said Mamman Nur remained at large and appealed for information leading to his arrest, adding that the two suspects arrested on 21 August were being held at a military facility.
They were identified as Babagana Ismail Kwaljima, aka Abu Summaya, and Babagana Mali, aka Bulama, and were described as "notorious leaders of the Boko Haram extremist sect".
They were detained three days after a warning.
"On 18 August, 2011, precise intelligence was obtained by this service that some Boko Haram elements were on a mission to attack unspecified targets in Abuja," said the statement.
Loosely translated from the local Hausa language, Boko Haram means "Western education is forbidden".

UN: Starvation threatens 2 million in drought-hit Somalia

Fri Sep 13, 2019 01:44PM [Updated: Fri Sep 13, 2019 01:52PM ] Home Africa Somalia A newly arrived woman fleeing from the drought...