Wednesday, 20 April 2016

FAQ Islamic State (Isil, Isis, Daesh)


What is Isil? An Islamic extremist group controlling territory in Syria and Iraq
What is it called? In the West, the group is usually known as Isil (Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant) or Isis (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria). In June, the militants said they wanted to simply be called Islamic State in recognition of the self-declared caliphate
What about 'Daesh'? Daesh is an abbreviation Dawlat al-Islamiyah f'al-Iraq wa al-Sham, and is the derogatory name used by many Muslims for Isil. Following the Paris attacks, the French government is now using this term
What are its aims? A worldwide Islamic caliphate - a religious government without borders
What terror attacks has it carried out? Isil has claimed responsibility for the Paris attacks of 13 November 2015, the explosion of a plane travelling from Egypt to Russia, and the individual killings of Western hostages, including James Foley and Alan Henning
How is the group funded? Looting, extortion and the possession of oilfields, providing an estimated £1.8m in revenue per day
How much territory does Isil control? An area of the Middle East that is roughly the size of Belgium
Where is it based? Isil's HQ is understood to be in the city of Raqqa, Syria

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