Tuesday, 17 November 2009

Puntland conditionally supports transitional Somali government Tuesday, March 25, 2008

Gen Mohamed Muse Hersi [Adde Muse], leader of Puntland, in Nairobi (Foto; JE)

Text of press release “Puntland government policy statement” published by Puntland government website Puntlandgovt.com on March 22, 2008

Garoowe, Puntland: The essence of Puntland State Government stands for three essential policy engagements namely;

(1) to save Puntland territory and waters from the hostilities created by the absence of central government and confrontations of political factions serving negative interests;

(2) to be part of the pursuit to restore a Somali central authority based on a federal system, the only system that would prevent totalitarianism and dismemberment and;

(3) to cooperate with the international community to find a solution to the Somali crisis in general and to support the reconstruction and development in Puntland in particular.

The following parts of this statement disclose the policy of Puntland State Government (PSG) with regard to the internal security of Puntland, its relationship with the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and the support of the international community of these two issues.


Since the disintegration of the central government of Somalia in 1991 up until 2006, Puntland remained relatively peaceful and economically stable. It is unfortunate that lately Puntland faced confrontations from both southern Somalia and north-west Somalia. From the south, the forces of the radical United Islamic Courts (UIC) and the fanatical Al-Shabab group set out to attack and carry out terrorist acts in Puntland, using Islam as their (its) disguise. Moreover, many youngsters from Mogadishu and southern Somalia regularly pass through Puntland on their way to northwestern Somalia to come back later to Puntland to take part in a number of illegal activities.

From the northwest side, a series of armed aggressions on Puntland resulted the capture of the regional capital of Sool, Laas Caanood, by Hargeysa (the capital of the breakaway Somaliland) administration on 15 October last year, preparing themselves for further expansionist attacks into Puntland.

These two provocations weakened Puntland`s efforts to combine the implementation of its programme of good governance and rationalization of an already limited economic resource. Given the widespread needs to be attended, PSG can only afford right now to clarify here to speed up the implementation of its constitutional tasks waiting in the following priorities:

1. Liberation of the capital of Sool region, Laas Caanood, guaranteeing the security of all borders of Puntland,

2. Strengthening security inside Puntland,

3. Continuation of the implementation of the governance reform programme and

4. Completion of the process of democratization in Puntland.

The capacity of the reformed Darawish (special Puntland police) force is being raised to meet the challenges of terrorism and invaders.

Puntland government instituted a new Ministry for Internal Security Affairs responsible for the prevention of crimes and apprehending criminals.

The government allocated five per cent of the budget for the internal security on top of its normal budget to ensure that the law enforcement agencies effectively apply the rule of law. The government is also targeting to improve the performance of the judiciary and the custodial services as the hands and the legs of the rule of law and justice.

On good governance, a Civil Service Commission is established with the support of UNDP to achieve a merit-based employment, instrumental to more productive institutions in the public sector.

The Ministries of Finance and Planning and International Cooperation on one side and the World Bank and UNDP on the other side worked out recently assessments of the needs to address the weaknesses related to Public Finance Management (PFM). The WB/UNDP are to begin in Puntland in the next couple of months a two-year project of redirecting the financial system in Puntland to an international standard by modernizing customs, tax collection, accounting systems, mobilization of resources, budget preparation, execution and monitoring, financial control and magistrates of accounts.

The work of the Constitution Review Commission is in its final stage and Puntland state, both government and parliament, is committed to put the new constitution into public referendum in the middle of this year, paving the way for the birth of a multi-party system and free and fair elections.

National Policy ever since Puntland administration was formed on 1 August 1998 and the eight preceding years, Puntland was relentlessly part of the initiatives to find national reconciliation among Somali administrations and political factions to enable them to reinstate sovereignty to their shattered country. The vibrant role Puntland played in the National Reconciliation Conference that ended in the success of establishing the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia is too well known.

Similarly, Puntland continued to support the TFG with funds and forces to consolidate efficacy. As soon as the TFG took office, it was beset with divisions in terms of its institutions and differences between its holders of the highest offices. There also emerged opposition from forces questioning the very principles of forming the government. The combination made the TFG inept to fulfil the duties expected of it during the transition period such as consolidation of the peace, reconciliation, preparation of a federal constitution and implementation of a federal system in the country. Despite this and the fact that the TFG has now a short time left, the new government`s call for dialogue offers a glimpse of hope.

Puntland state government is ready, and will continue, to support the TFG and is asking the international community to aid the government unreservedly to enable it perform its tasks as much as possible during the transition.

Puntland`s relations with TFG

Puntland government wishes to reiterate that a national Somali state is a national responsibility and has no intention to relinquish its part of that responsibility.

However, Puntland wishes to give further clarifications of its relations with the TFG:

(1) Puntland will not, under any circumstances, accept a central government of totalitarian nature, where regions and districts happen to legitimize the powers of the centre only - such a system isolates the people from being stakeholders of the decision-making processes and lead to the collapse of statehood eventually as proved already;

(2) Puntland does not recognize and will not recognize a central government solution of Somalia via the concepts of conquest of European colonial powers which were replaced by the Act of Union of the Somali Republic and the constitution of that Republic approved in a national referendum in 1961 and

(3) Until such time an all inclusive federal constitution is effected and state governments, convinced with the sharing of power and resources, are instituted, Puntland`s support of the TFG should not be interpreted in any manner that Puntland is part of the TFG - Puntland shall remain independent for its laws, policies and interests.

International community

PSG expresses its gratitude to the international community whose presence and activities play a major role in helping the needy, the IDPs and refugees from the neighbouring countries, the social services and various other sectors. Without the support of the donors, the agencies of the UN and the INGOs, Puntland could not serve the needs of many.

There is no doubt that the international community has tried its best in reconciling and supporting Somalia to stand with its own feet. The people and government of Puntland value the international efforts to shore up the Somali cause and would like to encourage them to enrich their assessments with following points:

1. To realize the magnitude of the Somali crisis and the ramifications it may hold for the Horn of Africa, and thereby come up with a creative agenda to transcend the transition period of the TFG to a federal democratic system

2. To continue the current three-part cooperation and support of Somali entities consisting of Puntland, Somaliland and South-Central/TFG

3. To maintain assisting Somalia on a united position

4. To apply successful lessons learned from other crisis countries of similar problems as Somalia, taking into account the recommendations of the serious Somalis in search of finding solutions and

5. That Puntland welcomes foreign investment with regard to its untapped natural resources of the sea, land and air.

Finally, Puntland state, government and people, warns against any support given to the greed of a party of the Somali parties, the real impediment of any progress to reach solutions over the last 17 years.

With the highest consideration.

H E Mahmud Muse Hersi
President of Puntland State of Somalia.

© Compiled and distributed by NTIS, US Dept. of Commerce. All rights reserved.

Somalia semi-autonomous region of Puntland leader rejects Djibouti peace pact
Shabeelle Media Network
Friday, December 5, 2008

Puntland regional administration has rejected the Djibouti agreement signed between the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia (TFG) and the Alliance for the Re-liberation of Somalia (ARS).

The president of Puntland, Gen Mahmud Muse Hirsi, aka Adde Muse, commenting on the agreement reached by the TFG and the ARS in Djibouti, said he does not support the agreement, as it will not be successful in resolving the worrying situation in Somalia.

Adde Muse said his administration does not support the Djibouti agreement between the TFG and the Djibouti-based ARS. Adde Muse was asked why his administration had chosen to reject the Djibouti agreement at this time and he responded by saying that after looking at the agreement, he was not able see anything that is beneficial to the Somali people.

The statement by the head of the Puntland leader comes at a time when the president of the TFG, Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmad, who is opposed to the Djibouti agreement between the TFG and the ARS, is in Puntland.

The agreement was spearheaded by Prime Minister Nur Hasan Husayn alias Nur Adde.

(Description of Source: Mogadishu Shabeelle Media Network (Internet Version-WWW) in Somali Mogadishu Shabeelle Media Network in Somali -- Internet site of independent FM radio and television network based in Mogadishu; Network claims an audience of more than 1.8 million; target audience includes Somalis in-country, diaspora and Somalis in Kenya, Ethiopia, and Djibouti, policymakers working with international organizations, and the UN. Site has partnership with Radio France International. Internet: http://www.shabellenews.com)

© Compiled and distributed by NTIS, US Dept. of Commerce. All rights reserved.

Somali semi-autonomous region changes name to “Puntland Government”
BBC Monitoring Africa
August 02, 2009

The president of the semi-autonomous region of Puntland, Abdirahman Muhammad Faroole, has announced that the name of the change of the name of his region to Puntland government of Somalia. This happened during the commemoration of the eleventh anniversary of Puntland foundation in Garoowe [The HQ of Puntland].

The president has further said that the new name will be an effective from the night of the anniversary.

The President of Puntland has also stressed that Puntland government is striving to restore peace and security in Somalia, adding that his government is prioritizing reconciliation and restoration of law and order in Somalia.

The Move comes as there are speculations that Puntland is preparing to declare itself a republic such as Somaliland.

A rift between Puntland and the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia over sharing of resources and management of state oil exploration has lately emerged.

Residents of Puntland welcomed the new name of Puntland government of Somalia and urged the administration to improve security and peace in the region.

Source: Radio Gaalkacyo, Gaalkacyo, in Somali 1015 gmt 2 Aug 09

© 2009 The British Broadcasting Corporation. All Rights Reserved.

Puntland leader threatens to sever ties with TFG
BBC Monitoring Africa
September 13, 2009

Abdurahman Mohamed Farole President of Somalia`s northern breakaway state of Puntland speaks on April 17, 2009 at a press conference in Nairobi during an official visit to Kenya for talks with local officials and the donor community.

The Puntland president has said his administration will withdraw the confidence in the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia if the agreement reached between both sides in Gaalkacyo town is not implemented.

The president of the semi-autonomous region of Puntland Abdirahman Muhammad Farole has said his administration he will withdraw the confidence in the government of Somalia if the agreement reached in central of Somalia between Puntland and the TFG is not implemented. Reliable sources from Puntland presidential palace say President Farole has handed over the agreement to the UN especial envoy for Somalia Ahmadou Aould Abdalle who arrived in Puntland yesterday in a bid to sort out a new rift between Puntland and the government of Somalia regarding some key articles of the agreement.

Mr Farole has threatened his government will not work any longer with the TFG if the agreement is not respected. The president has also said Puntland had always been ready to collaborate with the government of Somalia but added that the region has the right to get its share of on any fund received on the 4.5 [clans] qouta. He further said his government has obtained reports that members of the Somali cabinet and MPs are preparing a motion against the prime minister of Somalia, Umar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke.

Somali government Mps and ministers close to Presidnet Shaykh Sharif Shaykh Ahmad are reported to have been preparing a motion, to censure the prime minister over alleged illegal and unnegotiated agreement with the Puntland administration.

Independent reports say President Sharif Ahmad is not happy with the agreement signed. The move follows talks between the UN especial envoy to Somalia and President Farole over certain issues in the region including piracy, security improvement of the judiciary system and the current collaboration between Puntland and the TFG.

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