If the right gene can be made to spread then researchers hope to reduce the number of cases of malaria.
Other academics have described the study as a "major step forward".
The World Health Organisation estimated that malaria caused nearly one million deaths in 2008.
Spreading resistance Research groups have already created "malaria-resistant mosquitoes" using techniques such as introducing genes to disrupt the malaria parasite's development.
The research, however, has a great challenge - getting those genes to spread from the genetically-modified mosquitoes to the vast number of wild insects across the globe.
Unless the gene gives the mosquito an advantage, the gene will likely disappear.
Scientists at Imperial College London and the University of Washington, in Seattle, believe they have found a solution.
- Largely preventable and curable
- In 2008 caused a million deaths - mostly African children
- About 1,500 people return to the UK with malaria every year
- Only 12% of these become seriously ill
- Symptoms can take up to a year to appear
As a result the homing endonuclease gene is copied.
It does this in such a way that all the sperm produced by a male mosquito carry the gene.
So all its offspring have the gene. The process is then repeated so the offspring's offspring have the gene and so on.
In the laboratory experiments, the gene was spread to half the caged mosquitoes in 12 generations.
Defeating malaria Professor Andrea Crisanti, from the department of life sciences at Imperial College London, said: "This is an exciting technological development, one which I hope will pave the way for solutions to many global health problems.
"At the beginning I was really quite sceptical and thought it probably would not work, but the results are so encouraging that I'm starting to change my mind."Read More